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High bone resorption by the osteoclast results in osteoporosis, a disease affecting 40% of women after the menopause. Calcitonin, used to treat osteoporosis, inhibits bone resorption via receptors located on the osteoclasts. Two alleles of the calcitonin receptor gene ( CTR ) exist: a base mutation T-->C in the third intracellular C-terminal domain changes(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is associated with the syndrome of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. A high incidence of positive staining for PTHrP is observed in breast cancer and positivity is more frequent in patients who develop bone metastases. We assessed the presence of PTHrP mRNA by using the polymerase chain reaction in 38(More)
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), a C cell neoplasm, synthesizes large amounts of calcitonin (CT), its biological marker. However, in some cases with a poor prognosis, MTC is associated with low basal CT levels owing to a decrease in the thyroid CT content. Using a murine model of human MTC, we studied the relationships between CT biosynthesis, C cell(More)
The ultimobranchial (UB) glands of the common toad Bufo bufo consist of several cellular masses containing two quite different cell types which line a central lumen filled with amorphous material. The morphologically defined Type I cell is akin to a typical calcitonin secretory cell as observed for all vertebrates, with small dense-core secretory granules.(More)
PTHrP, a newly characterized peptide is responsible for humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy in squamous cancers. It is also expressed by a variety of normal tissue and might have growth factor propriety. It is expressed by lactating breast and is frequently present in breast cancer. Although it is responsible for humoral hypercalcemia in an animal model of(More)
DNA complementary to chicken ultimobranchial gland mRNA was cloned into the Pst I site of plasmid vector pBR322. A plasmid was selected by DNA-mRNA hybridization. We report here the partial nucleotide sequence of chicken calcitonin mRNA and the deduced complete amino acid sequence of chicken calcitonin.
Calcitonin shows considerable divergence in amino acid sequence between lower vertebrates and higher vertebrates. Immunoreactive salmon-like calcitonin molecules are present in the thyroid of man and rat. Elucidation of the almost complete sequence of chicken calcitonin mRNA revealed that the calcitonin precursor in chickens had the same organisation as in(More)