Anni Rautio

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Many insectivores have been shown to be sensitive to heavy metals and therefore suitable for biomonitoring purposes. In Finland, the hibernation period of the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) is long, and during hibernation the stress caused by environmental toxins may be crucial. Concentrations of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), magnesium(More)
Little information exists on the nesting of hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in the harsh northern environment, although this aspect has specific importance for the species’ survival in this region. We studied the nest types and nesting site selection of radio tagged hedgehogs in urban areas in Eastern Finland. Altogether, four different nest types were(More)
Western European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) are commonly found in urban environments. To evaluate human-hedgehog interactions on the northern margin of the hedgehog range, we investigated the causes of mortality, the occurrence of diseases, parasites and bacterial infections, and the diet of hedgehogs (males n = 87, females n = 66, sex unknown n = 100)(More)
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