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Anxiety and stress disorders are the most commonly occurring of all mental illnesses, and current treatments are less than satisfactory. So, the discovery of novel approaches to treat anxiety disorders remains an important area of neuroscience research. Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system, and(More)
Two-pore domain potassium (K2P) channel expression is believed to underlie the developmental emergence of a potassium leak conductance [IK(SO)] in cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs), suggesting that K2P function is an important determinant of the input conductance and resting membrane potential. To investigate the role that different K2P channels may play in(More)
LY354740 is a potent and selective agonist for group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors, with anxiolytic activity in several animal models of anxiety, including the elevated plus maze (EPM) test. Here, we studied neuronal activation in mouse brain after EPM exposure in saline- and LY354740-treated mice using c-Fos(More)
INTRODUCTION/AIMS The use of cathinone-derivative designer drugs methylone and mephedrone has increased rapidly in recent years. Our aim was to investigate the possible long-term effects of these drugs on a range of behavioral tests in mice. Further, we investigated the long-term effects of these drugs on brain neurochemistry in both rats and mice. (More)
The effect of a novel and potent metabotropic glutamate 8 (mGlu8) receptor agonist, (S)-3,4-dicarboxyphenylglycine (DCPG), was studied in vivo in mouse brain. c-Fos expression was used as a marker of neuronal activity in specific brain regions 2 h after systemic (S)-3,4-DCPG (3-100 mg/kg, i.p.). The selectivity of (S)-3,4-DCPG on mGlu8 receptors was(More)
In rodent models, gamma-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptors with the alpha6 and delta subunits, expressed in the cerebellar and cochlear nucleus granule cells, have been linked to ethanol sensitivity and voluntary ethanol drinking. Here, we review the findings. When considering both in vivo contributions and data on cloned receptors, the evidence for(More)
The behavioral and functional significance of the extrasynaptic inhibitory GABA(A) receptors in the brain is still poorly known. We used a transgenic mouse line expressing the GABA(A) receptor alpha6 subunit gene in the forebrain under the Thy-1.2 promoter (Thy1alpha6) mice ectopically expressing alpha6 subunits especially in the hippocampus to study how(More)
We have investigated the potential role of neurotrophic factors in antipsychotic drug action by examining the effects of antipsychotic and psychotropic treatments on the mRNA expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and their receptors, trkB and trkC, respectively, in rat brain. Neither acute nor chronic clozapine(More)
In mammals, identifying the contribution of specific neurons or networks to behavior is a key challenge. Here we describe an approach that facilitates this process by enabling the rapid modulation of synaptic inhibition in defined cell populations. Binding of zolpidem, a systemically active allosteric modulator that enhances the function of the GABAA(More)
We have characterized excitatory effects of non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists MK-801, PCP, and ketamine in the rat entorhinal cortex and in cultured primary entorhinal cortical neurons using expression of immediate early gene c-fos as an indicator. NMDA receptor antagonists produced a strong and dose-dependent increase in c-fos mRNA and protein(More)