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Sixty-eight health care workers were enrolled in a double-blind clinical trial and randomized to receive either mupirocin calcium ointment or placebo, intranasally bid for 5 days. Nasal cultures were taken immediately before starting treatment, 1 and 2 during treatment, at the end of treatment, 3 days later, weekly for 1-5 weeks and then monthly for 2-6(More)
The collection of Panstrongylus geniculatus bugs by inhabitants of dwellings in Caracas city (Metropolitan District) and in the neighboring Miranda and Vargas Sates, Venezuela, allowed for the gathering of data on the potential role of this sylvatic triatomine bug as a vector of Chagas disease in this area. The natural infection by Trypanosoma cruzi was(More)
Acute ethanol administration (2 g/kg IP) induced a significant rise in serum corticosterone levels which seemed to be related to blood ethanol concentration. Chronic ethanol administration, in the form of a liquid diet for 16 or 30 days, did not alter the levels of serum corticosterone. Chronic treatment of rats with a liquid diet containing ethanol(More)
The epidemiology and burden of varicella was assessed through the prospective study of 683 children under 15 years, by 58 primary care paediatricians working on seven autonomous communities of Spain. The mean age was 4.5+/-2.7 years, and 566 (83%) were secondary cases. There were 111 complications in 101 children (14.8%), skin superinfection being the most(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate in rats, the effects of sound stimulation upon both the pituitary-adrenal activity (evaluated by the levels of serum corticosterone (B)) and brain dopamine (DA) and noradrenaline (NA). Serum B in rats placed inside the experimental chamber without any sound stimulation was increased and brain DA decreased.(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of acute and chronic administration of morphine upon the pituitary-adrenal activity and adrenal catecholamines in rats and cats, two animal species with very different behavioural patterns of response to the opiate. Acute administration of the drug induced in both animal species an activation of(More)
Male rats were treated for 14 days with dexamethasone (2.6 mumol/l in the drinking water) and killed at various times after withdrawal of the drug. Some animals were subjected to stress (ether or sham adrenalectomy) just before killing. The recovery of responsiveness of the components of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical axis was assessed by(More)
This study attempted to quantify the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in children less than 15 years of age in Barinas State, Venezuela and investigate risk factors for infection. Among 3,296 children, 4 (0.12%) were seropositive. The mother of one child also was also seropositive, which suggested that congenital transmission is a possible risk factor for(More)