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OBJECTIVES This study introduces new methods of non-linear dynamics (NLD) and compares these with traditional methods of heart rate variability (HRV) and high resolution ECG (HRECG) analysis in order to improve the reliability of high risk stratification. METHODS Simultaneous 30 min high resolution ECG's and long-term ECG's were recorded from 26 cardiac(More)
Anatomic connections between brain areas affect information flow between neuronal circuits and the synchronization of neuronal activity. However, such structural connectivity does not coincide with effective connectivity (or, more precisely, causal connectivity), related to the elusive question "Which areas cause the present activity of which others?".(More)
Automatic search for cytokeratin/mucin-1 double immunofluorescence was performed to detect and characterize circulating epithelial tumor cells in patients with advanced breast cancer. The peripheral blood samples in 8 of 19 patients (42.1%) presented with cytokeratin-positive and epithelial-type mucin-positive (CK(+)/MUC1(+)) tumor cells. Detailed(More)
The traditional analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) in the time and frequency domains seems to be an independent predictive marker for sudden cardiac death. Because the usual applied methods of HRV analysis describe only linear or strong periodic phenomena, the authors have developed new methods of HRV analysis based on nonlinear dynamics. In that way,(More)
Central precocious puberty is commonly treated by gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. To compare modes of action and effectiveness of GnRH analogues and assess treatment combinations of agonistic (triptorelin) and antagonistic (cetrorelix acetate) GnRH analogues with established treatment, we used prepubertal 31-d-old ovariectomized female rats.(More)
Although human musical performances represent one of the most valuable achievements of mankind, the best musicians perform imperfectly. Musical rhythms are not entirely accurate and thus inevitably deviate from the ideal beat pattern. Nevertheless, computer generated perfect beat patterns are frequently devalued by listeners due to a perceived lack of human(More)
To understand the proximate and ultimate causes that shape acoustic communication in animals, objective characterizations of the vocal repertoire of a given species are critical, as they provide the foundation for comparative analyses among individuals, populations and taxa. Progress in this field has been hampered by a lack of standard in methodology,(More)