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Exposure of Neuro-2a and PC12 cells to micromolar concentrations of sulfite caused an increase in reactive oxygen species and a decrease in ATP. Likewise, the biosynthesis of ATP in intact rat brain mitochondria from the oxidation of glutamate was inhibited by micromolar sulfite. Glutamate-driven respiration increased the mitochondrial membrane potential(More)
Cultured human skin keloid fibroblasts (KFs) showed bioenergetics similar to cancer cells in generating ATP mainly from glycolysis as demonstrated by increased lactate production. Activities of hexokinase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and lactate dehydrogenase were also significantly higher compared with normal fibroblasts (NFs). Inhibitors of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal failure has been associated with oxidative stress. Serum sulfite, sulfate, cysteine, homocysteine, cysteine sulfinic acid, and gamma-glutamylcysteine are elevated in patients on hemodialysis, suggesting an accelerated catabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids or a reduced elimination of sulfite/sulfate, or both. Administration of(More)
The mitochondrial membrane potential measured in isolated rat kidney mitochondria and in digitonin-permeabilized MDCK type II cells pre-energized with succinate, glutamate, and/or malate was reduced by micromolar diclofenac dose-dependently. However, ATP biosynthesis from glutamate/malate was significantly more compromised compared to that from succinate.(More)
BACKGROUND Keloids are fibroproliferative disorders characterized by increased deposition of extracellular matrix components. Stem cell factor (SCF) and its receptor c-KIT are expressed in a wide variety of cells and have also been demonstrated to be important modulators of the wound healing process. OBJECTIVES To examine the role of the SCF/c-KIT system(More)
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