Annette Schulze

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8-Cyclopentyl-3-[(E)-3-[(131)I]iodoprop-2-en-1-yl]-1-propylxanthine (2*) was generated by iododestannylation of the tributyl-stannyl-precursor with [(131)I]NaI and chloramine T. The radiochemical yield of 2* was 82 +/- 4%, and the purity exceeded 98%. The specific activity was 33 +/- 19 GBq/micromol. Affinities for rat, pig and human A(1) adenosine(More)
The extent of insertion of beta-strand s4A into sheet A in intact serpin alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1PI has been probed by peptide annealing experiments [Schulze et al. (1990) Eur. J. Biochem. 194, 51-56]. Twelve synthetic peptides of systematically varied length corresponding in sequence to the unprimed (N-terminal) side of the active site loop(More)
Crystal structure studies have shown that cleaved and intact serpins differ essentially in the topology of beta-sheet A. This is five-stranded in the intact molecules and six-stranded after cleavage by insertion of strand s4A whose C-terminus has become free [Löbermann, H., Tokuoka, R., Deisenhofer, J. & Huber, R. (1984) J. Mol. Biol. 177, 531-556; Wright,(More)
Overproduction of eukaryotic proteins in microorganisms often leads to the formation of insoluble protein aggregates which accumulate as intracellular inclusion bodies. alpha 1-Proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) when produced as a cytoplasmic protein in Escherichia coli (E. coli) forms inclusion bodies containing the majority of the inhibitor in an inactive(More)
Autoradiography on rat brain using tritiated (1*), mono- (2*) and di-radioiodinated (3*) derivatives of the A(2A) adenosine receptor antagonist ZM241,385 showed high receptor density in striatum. K(D)s of 1*, 2* and 3* were 0.4, 2.2 and 15 nM and nonspecific binding was 5, 40 and 50% of total binding. Striatal uptake of 2* in mice was approximately 0.2%(More)
Several variants of alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha 1-PI) were investigated by spectroscopic methods and characterized according to their inhibitory activity. Replacement of Thr345 (P14) with Arg in alpha 1-PI containing an Arg residue in position 358 (yielding [Thr345----Arg, Met358----Arg]alpha 1-PI) results in complete loss of its inhibitory activity(More)
The adenosine A(2A) receptor in the basal ganglia is involved in the control of movement and plays a role in movement disorders such as Parkinsonism. Developing ligands to evaluate that receptor by noninvasive methods such as positron emission tomography has a high priority. In vitro radioligand binding guides the selection of ligands for in vivo(More)
The most important of diverse serpin functions is serine-protease inhibition. In contrast to the 'standard-mechanism' inhibitors, inhibitory serpins use a mechanism that involves unusual flexibility, and cofactor and receptor interactions. The principal feature is a refolding step, during which a disordered or helical strand is inserted into the center of a(More)