Annette Richter-Unruh

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BACKGROUND Defective male sex differentiation in patients with hypoplasia of Leydig cells (LCH) is caused by deficient LH receptor signal transduction. To further investigate the variety of LH receptor gene mutations present in LCH patients and their influence on the phenotype, we examined 10 nonrelated patients with the clinical presentation of LCH. (More)
We describe the clinical features of severe sexual precocity in a 3.5-yr-old boy. Hormonal evaluation showed LH-independent T hypersecretion. Initial examination of the adrenals and testes revealed no evidence of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hCG- or androgen-secreting tumors, or McCune-Albright syndrome. In the coding sequence of the LH receptor gene no(More)
AIM To present the clinical features of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in overweight European Caucasian children and adolescents. METHODS We report the clinical characteristics of 16 non-syndromal overweight European Caucasian adolescents with T2DM (10 boys, 6 girls, SDS-BMI in median +2.8, range +1.6 to +3.4) treated in 5 specialised centres for obesity(More)
Leydig cell hypoplasia (LCH) is a rare autosomal recessive condition that interferes with normal development of male external genitalia in 46,XY individuals and is caused by inactivating mutations of the LH receptor gene. The clinical and biochemical diagnostic parameters of LCH are not always specific and may therefore show significant overlap with other(More)
CONTEXT Germline and somatic activating mutations in the LH receptor (LHR) gene have been reported. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to perform mutation analysis of the LHR gene of patients with Leydig cell adenoma or hyperplasia. Functional studies were conducted to compare the D578H-LHR mutant with the wild-type (WT)-LHR and the D578G-LHR mutant, a classic(More)
It has been recently shown that male LH-independent sexual precocity is caused by a somatic activating mutation in the luteinising hormone receptor (LHR) of Leydig cell tumours. In each of the patients described to date, the tumour was a well-defined, single encapsulated nodule. We present a 5.7-year-old boy with nodular Leydig cell hyperplasia, who(More)
Over the past 5 yr several inactivating mutations in the LH receptor gene have been demonstrated to cause Leydig cell hypoplasia, a rare autosomal recessive form of male pseudohermaphroditism. Here, we report the identification of two new LH receptor mutations in a compound heterozygous case of complete Leydig hypoplasia and determine the cause of the(More)
Gender appears to be determined by independent programs controlled by the sex-chromosomes and by androgen-dependent programming during embryonic development. To enable experimental dissection of these components in the human, we performed genome-wide profiling of the transcriptomes of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in patients with rare defined(More)
Adult subjects with growth hormone (GH) deficiency (GHD) are known to have reduced life expectancy due to increased cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. In adults, these events are associated with elevated circulating concentrations of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) which is an endogenous inhibitor of l-arginine (Arg)-derived nitric oxide (NO).(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyze the steroid 5-alpha reductase type 2 gene (SRD5A2) in 2 siblings with severe male pseudohermaphroditism suspected to have 5-alpha reductase deficiency in a Turkish family. METHODS Two female siblings of a family with 7 children were referred to the urology department because of bilateral inguinal masses. The patients had presented(More)