Annette Poch

Learn More
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is thought to play a hypophysiotropic role, but little is known of the identity of PACAP-stimulated cells in the pituitary, the nature of the PACAP receptors on specific cell types, and the effector systems for these receptors. Here we describe the effects of PACAP in alpha T3-1 cells, a(More)
We have recently identified gonadotropes as target cells for ATP action via ATP receptors of the P2U subtype. The present studies have used gonadotrope-derived alpha T3-1 cells to examine the possible signaling mechanisms subserving ATP action in gonadotropes. Addition of ATP produced a biphasic intracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+i) response: a transient spike(More)
Despite a rapidly increasing acceptance for a role of ATP as an extracellular mediator in several biological systems, the present report shows that ATP may mediate physiological responses in pituitary cells. We have now been able to demonstrate a specific action of ATP receptors to mediate the release of luteinizing hormone from gonadotropes and have(More)
Atrial, brain-type, and C-type natriuretic peptides (ANP, BNP, and CNP) act via receptors with intrinsic guanylate cyclase activity. The A-type and B-type ANP receptors are selectively activated by ANP and CNP, respectively. The anterior pituitary is a site of ANP production and action, suggesting a local regulatory function, and this may also hold true for(More)
Research on ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptides (RiPPs) has led to an increasing understanding of biosynthetic mechanisms, mostly drawn from bacterial examples. In contrast, reports on RiPPs from fungal producers, apart from the amanitins and phalloidins, are still scarce. The fungal cyclopeptide omphalotin A carries multiple(More)
Sustained GnRH-stimulated LH release requires extracellular Ca2+, but GnRH transiently increases LH release in Ca(2+)-free medium. Here we have tested the dependence of the transient effect on intracellular Ca2+ pools. In superfused pituitary cells three Ca(2+)-mobilizing stimuli (GnRH, A23187, and endothelin-1) all caused sustained increases in LH release(More)
Gonadal steroids act at the pituitary to regulate gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor number and the responsiveness of gonadotropes to GnRH and can act at post-receptor sites to modulate Ca(2+)-mediated and protein kinase C-mediated signal-transducing pathways. However, such effects have been seen in the mixed cell population of primary cell(More)
Feglymycin, a peptide antibiotic produced by Streptomyces sp. DSM 11171, consists mostly of nonproteinogenic phenylglycine-type amino acids. It possesses antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains and antiviral activity against HIV. Inhibition of the early steps of bacterial peptidoglycan synthesis indicated a mode of(More)
In pituitary gonadotrophs GnRH causes biphasic (spike and plateau) increases in cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and gonadotrophin release. The spike phases reflect mobilization of stored Ca2+ and the plateau responses are attributed, in part, to Ca2+ influx via voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels. In recent years, store-dependent Ca2+ influx (SDCI), in which depletion(More)
GnRH stimulates LH release from gonadotropes in a Ca2(+)-dependent manner. Because of the apparent relationship between cellular Ca2+ metabolism and Na(+)-driven antiports, we investigated their influence on GnRH action. We also assessed the influence of bicarbonate, because its transport may alter effects of Na+/H+ exchange on intracellular pH. In(More)