Annette P Jepson

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Malaria infection induces the production of serum antibodies to a variety of malaria antigens but the prevalence of antibodies to any particular antigen is typically much less than 100%. It has been assumed that non-responsiveness to defined antigens in malaria immune subjects is due to HLS-mediated restriction of the immune response. In this study we have(More)
The ability of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (RBC) to form spontaneous erythrocyte rosettes was studied in 130 fresh isolates from Gambian children with cerebral or uncomplicated malaria from August to November 1990. All isolates (24 of 24) from patients with cerebral malaria formed rosettes, but only 61 of 106 isolates from children with(More)
Understanding the extent to which genetic factors influence the immune response is important in the development of subunit vaccines. Associations with HLA gene polymorphisms appear insufficient to explain the range of variation in immune responses to vaccines and to infections by major pathogens. In this study of Gambian twins we report that regulation of(More)
Little is known about birth or mortality rates of twins in The Gambia. There are no reports of the causes of death among twins in sub-Saharan Africa. We identified twin births and deaths from a community-based study which had been carried out in a large rural region of The Gambia over a 5-year period from 1989 to 1993. The overall twinning rate excluding(More)
The role of genetic factors in clinical tuberculosis is increasingly recognized; how such factors regulate the immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis in healthy individuals is unclear. In this study of 255 adult twin pairs residing in The Gambia, West Africa, it is apparent that memory T-cell responses to secreted mycobacterial antigens (85-kDa(More)
A surveillance system was used to detect births and deaths in children in a large, rural, West African population from 1989 to 1993. Cause of death was investigated using post-mortem questionnaires. Overall infant (age 0-11 months) and child (age 1-4 years) mortality rates of 80.1 and 18.8 per 1000 per year were recorded. These were reasonably consistent(More)
An understanding of processes that predispose pregnant women, and in particular primigravidae, to malaria infection is essential to improve malaria management in pregnancy. Lymphoproliferative responses to malaria-specific (F32, 190L, and 190N) as well as other antigens (Candida and purified protein derivative [PPD]) were examined in the peripheral and(More)
The 230 kD gamete surface protein of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum (Pfs 230) is a target of transmission blocking antibodies. Anti-Pfs 230 antibodies are induced following natural infection with malaria but are not found in all P. falciparum-exposed individuals. In this study we have shown that approximately 40% of malaria-exposed Gambians do(More)
Case-control studies have indicated that genes for the major histocompatibility complex influence the presentation and outcome of severe Plasmodium falciparum disease. To assess the role of genetic factors in mild malaria, an analysis was conducted in 217 pairs of Gambian twins (mean age, 5.3 years) concordant for this phenotype. The twins were monitored(More)
Recent twin studies of clinical malaria and immune responses to malaria antigens have underscored the importance of both major histocompatability complex (MHC) and non-MHC genes in determining variable susceptibility and immune responsiveness. By using a combination of whole genome genetic linkage studies of families and candidate genes analysis, non-MHC(More)