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Rare cells with the properties of stem cells are integral to the development and perpetuation of leukaemias. A defining characteristic of stem cells is their capacity to self-renew, which is markedly extended in leukaemia stem cells. The underlying molecular mechanisms, however, are largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that expression of the cell-cycle(More)
Acute myelogenous leukemias (AMLs) are genetically heterogeneous and characterized by chromosomal rearrangements that produce fusion proteins with aberrant transcriptional regulatory activities. Expression of AML fusion proteins in transgenic mice increases the risk of myeloid leukemias, suggesting that they induce a preleukemic state. The underlying(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukaemia is characterized by translocations that involve the retinoic acid receptor alpha (RAR alpha) locus on chromosome 17 and the PML locus on 15 or the PLZF locus on 11. The resulting abnormal translocation products encode for PML/RAR alpha or PLZF/RAR alpha fusion proteins. There is increasing experimental evidence that the(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by a reciprocal 15; 17 chromosomal translocation, which fuses the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) and retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) genes, leading to the expression of the PML/RARalpha fusion oncoprotein. Immunocytochemical labeling of the wild-type PML protein with the PG-M3 monoclonal antibody(More)
The transcription factor PAX5 plays a key role in the commitment of hematopoietic precursors to the B-cell lineage, but its expression in acute leukemias has not been thoroughly investigated. Hereby, we analyzed routine biopsies from 360 acute leukemias of lymphoid (ALLs) and myeloid (AMLs) origin with a specific anti-PAX5 monoclonal antibody. Blasts from(More)
The pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia is associated with the appearance of oncogenic fusion proteins generated as a consequence of specific chromosome translocations. Of the two components of each fusion protein, one is generally a transcription factor, whereas the other partner is more variable in function, but often involved in the control of cell(More)
In the prechemotherapy era arsenic derivatives were used for treatment of chronic myelogenous leukemia, a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by the t(9;22) translocation, the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph+). In acute promyelocytic leukemia response to arsenic trioxide (As2O3) has been shown to be genetically determined by the acute promyelocytic(More)
PURPOSE Angiogenesis is a key process in tumor progression. By binding VEGF, VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2) is a main signaling transducer in tumor-associated angiogenesis. Accordingly, therapeutic approaches against the VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling axis have been designed. However, an efficient and specific chemotherapeutic targeting of tumor-associated endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroendocrine tumors are well vascularized and express specific cell surface markers, such as somatostatin receptors and the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R). Using the Rip1Tag2 transgenic mouse model of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNET), we have investigated the potential benefit of a combination of anti-angiogenic treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND In spite of efforts to employ risk-based strategies to increase monitoring efficiency in the academic setting, empirical evidence on their effectiveness remains sparse. This mixed-methods study aimed to evaluate the risk-based on-site monitoring approach currently followed at our academic institution. METHODS We selected all studies monitored(More)