Annette Malene Barfoed

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Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing unmethylated CpG motifs are potent stimulators of the innate immune system, and are capable of aborting several infections in a non-specific manner. We here report studies of the capacity of such ODN to protect mice against infection with foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV). Susceptibility of Balb/c mice to infection(More)
We cloned all open reading frames of a Danish isolate of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus in DNA vaccination vectors. Pigs were vaccinated using a gene gun with each single construct (ORF1, ORF2, ORF3, ORF4, ORF5, ORF6, or ORF7) or combinations thereof. Vaccination with ORF7 consistently induced antibodies after three vaccinations,(More)
Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of an emerging swine disease, postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). The disease affects primarily 5-12-weeks-old pigs which might suggest that infection with PCV2 occurs when the level of maternal antibodies have declined to sub-protective levels around weaning at 3-5-weeks of age. If(More)
Outbreaks of foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) have devastating economic consequences in affected areas. The presence of multiple serotypes and virus variants makes vaccination complicated. A better understanding of protective immune mechanisms may help in development of novel vaccines with cross protective capacity. While much attention has been devoted(More)
Using the nucleoprotein of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus as model antigen, we optimised parameters for gene gun vaccination of pigs, including firing pressure and vaccination site. As criteria for optimisation, we characterised particle penetration and local tissue damage by histology. For selected combinations, vaccination efficiency(More)
The capsid of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) displays several independent B cell epitopes, which stimulate the production of neutralising antibodies. Some of these epitopes are highly variable between virus strains, but dominate the immune response. The site A on VP1 is the most prominent example of a dominant and variable site. This variability is a(More)
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