Annette M. Healy

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Microscopic screening of a collection of cold-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae led to the identification of a new gene, CDC55, which appears to be involved in the morphogenetic events of the cell cycle. CDC55 maps between CDC43 and CHC1 on the left arm of chromosome VII. At restrictive temperature, the original cdc55 mutant produces abnormally(More)
The liver plays a central role in the systemic acute phase response of an organism to injury. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a major regulator of fibrinolysis, is an important component of the acute phase response in humans. The source of plasma PAI-1 has been a matter of controversy, but recent in situ hybridization experiments have(More)
Monocytes, which play a central role in inflammatory reactions, are exposed to elevated temperatures in febrile states or to potential cellular toxins (e.g., reactive oxygen species, immune mediators). We analyzed the heat shock (HS) response in human peripheral blood monocytes and the monocytic line U937 compared with that in dermal fibroblasts. After HS,(More)
Type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), a major physiological inhibitor of plasminogen activation, is an important component of the hepatic acute phase response. We studied the acute phase regulation of murine hepatic PAI-1 in response to systemic toxicity and local tissue injury in both wild-type mice and in mice in which the interleukin (IL)-1beta(More)
Leukotrienes are lipid mediators with important roles in immunity. The enzyme 5-lipoxygenase initiates leukotriene synthesis; nuclear import of 5-lipoxygenase modulates leukotriene synthetic capacity. In this study, we used structural and functional criteria to identify potential nuclear import sequences. Specifically, we sought basic residues that 1) were(More)
Adherence to a substratum is a characteristic feature of monocyte-macrophages which may be required for several effector functions. Human peripheral blood monocytes selected by adherence were found to readhere preferentially at 1 h to fibronectin or to a biological matrix. There was then a progressive decrease in the number of adherent cells, and by 48 h(More)
A series of BAL 31 deletions were constructed in the upstream region of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CYC7 gene to determine sequences required for transcriptional initiation. These deletions identified the TATA box as an alternating A-T sequence at -160 and the initiation sequences as well as the spatial relationship between them. The TATA box was necessary(More)
5-Lipoxygenase catalyzes the synthesis of leukotrienes from arachidonic acid. This enzyme can reside either in the cytoplasm or the nucleus; its subcellular distribution is influenced by extracellular factors, and its nuclear import correlates with changes in leukotriene synthetic capacity. To identify sequences responsible for the nuclear import of(More)
While RNA polymerase II of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae initiates transcription at discrete sites, these sites are located over a wide range of distances from the TATA box for different genes. This variability has led to a number of proposals for consensus sequences located at the initiation site which, in conjunction with the TATA box, would direct(More)