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Thrombopoietin (TPO) deficiency has been proposed as an important etiologic factor for thrombocytopenia in advanced-stage liver disease. To clarify the contributions of platelet production, platelet consumption, coagulation activation, and splenic sequestration to thrombocytopenia in liver disease, we studied TPO serum levels and markers of platelet(More)
Dystonia is regarded as a basal ganglia disorder. In the dt(sz) hamster, a genetic animal model of paroxysmal dystonia, previous studies demonstrated a reduced density of striatal GABAergic interneurons which inhibit striatal GABAergic projection neurons. Although the disinhibition of striatal GABAergic projection neurons was evidenced in the dt(sz)(More)
The pathophysiology of idiopathic dystonias is still unknown, but it is regarded as a basal ganglia disorder. Previous experiments in the dt(sz) hamster, a model of primary paroxysmal dystonia, demonstrated reduced discharge rates and an abnormal pattern within the entopeduncular nucleus (EPN), a basal ganglia output structure. To clarify if this is based(More)
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