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Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis type II (MPGN II) is a rare kidney disease identified microscopically by electron-dense deposits surrounded by complement component C3 in glomerular basement membranes. MPGN II usually leads to renal failure, and patients with MPGN II experience a high rate of recurrence following renal transplantation. No treatment(More)
The mouse Lupo (I282N) mutation in proline-serine-threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 2 (PSTPIP2) leads to reduced expression of PSTPIP2 that is associated with a macrophage-mediated autoinflammatory disease. Another mutation in PSTPIP2, L98P, termed chronic multifocal osteomyelits (cmo), leads to a disease in mice that resembles chronic recurrent(More)
OBJECT The risk of surgical site infection (SSI) after craniotomies or craniectomies in patients in whom contaminated bone flaps have been reimplanted has not been determined. The objectives of this study were to identify the prevalence of bone flaps with positive cultures--especially those contaminated with Propionibacterium acnes--to assess the risk of(More)
ABO-incompatible (ABOI) living donor kidney transplantation has become a well-accepted practice with standard protocols using perioperative antibody-depleting therapies to lower blood group titers to an acceptable threshold for transplantation. However, a subset of patients will experience accelerated antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) after ABOI kidney(More)
Ly-6C has been proposed as a marker of memory CD8+ T cells. Reports have indicated that Ly-6C is upregulated after T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation or exposure to proinflammatory cytokines. This study examined the relative roles of proinflammatory cytokines and TCR engagement in Ly-6C induction. In vitro experiments tested the effects of cytokines on Ly-6C(More)
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory disorder that primarily affects bone but is often accompanied by inflammation of the skin and/or gastrointestinal tract. The etiology is unknown but evidence suggests a genetic component to disease susceptibility. Although most cases of CRMO are sporadic, there is an autosomal(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric emergency RBC transfusions are often infused rapidly through 22-gauge (ga) or smaller needles or catheters using hand-held syringes. Data relating needle size, unit age, and infusion rate are needed to assess the risk of hemolysis and hyperkalemia in this setting. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Multiple simulated transfusions were performed(More)
BACKGROUND The Ly-6 family has many members, including Ly-6C and Ly-6G. A previous study suggested that the anti-Ly-6G antibody, RB6-8C5, may react with Ly-6Chi murine bone marrow (BM) cells. This finding has been interpreted as cross-reactivity of RB6-8C5 with the Ly-6C antigen, and has been generalized to many hematopoietic cell types, using the(More)
Alcohol use by pregnant women is a significant public health issue despite well-described risks to the fetus including physical and intellectual growth retardation and malformations. Although clinical studies are limited, they suggest that in utero alcohol exposure also results in significant immune deficiencies in naive neonates. However, little is known(More)
BACKGROUND The well-known immune deficiency of the chronic alcoholic dictates the need for a long-term rodent ethanol administration model to evaluate the baseline immunologic effects of chronic ethanol abuse, and investigate the genetic determinants of those effects. Much published work with rodents has shown clearly that acute ethanol administration and(More)