Annette G Beck-Sickinger

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GPR39 is an orphan member of the ghrelin receptor family that recently was suggested to be the receptor for obestatin, a peptide derived from the ghrelin precursor. Here, we compare the effect of obestatin to the effect of Zn(2+) on signal transduction and study the effect of obestatin on food intake. Although Zn(2+) stimulated inositol phosphate turnover,(More)
Adult dentate neurogenesis is important for certain types of hippocampal-dependent learning and also appears to be important for the maintenance of normal mood and the behavioural effects of antidepressants. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a peptide neurotransmitter released by interneurons in the dentate gyrus, has important effects on mood, anxiety-related(More)
Glial cell swelling is a central cause of ischemic edema in the brain and retina; however, the regulation of glial cell volume by endogenous factors in situ is largely unknown. In slices of the postischemic retina of the rat, the somata of glial (Müller) cells swell upon hypotonic stress that is not observed in slices of control retinas. We describe an(More)
New neurones are produced in the adult hippocampus throughout life and are necessary for certain types of hippocampal learning. Little, however, is known about the control of hippocampal neurogenesis. We used primary hippocampal cultures from early post-natal rats and neuropeptide Y Y1 receptor knockout mice as well as selective neuropeptide Y receptor(More)
Y receptors (YRs) are G protein-coupled receptors whose Y(1)R, Y(2)R, and Y(5)R subtypes preferentially bind neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY, whereas mammalian Y(4)Rs show a higher affinity for pancreatic polypeptide (PP). Comparison of YR orthologs and paralogs revealed Asp(6.59) to be fully conserved throughout all of the YRs reported so far. By(More)
[D-Arg1,D-Phe5,D-Trp7,9,Leu11]Substance P functions as a low-potency antagonist but a high-potency full inverse agonist on the ghrelin receptor. Through a systematic deletion and substitution analysis of this peptide, the C-terminal carboxyamidated pentapeptide wFwLX was identified as the core structure, which itself displayed relatively low inverse agonist(More)
The interactions between glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), important components of the extracellular matrix, and proteins such as growth factors and chemokines play critical roles in cellular regulation processes. Therefore, the design of GAG derivatives for the development of innovative materials with bio-like properties in terms of their interaction with(More)
In Trypanosoma brucei, the gene for the expressed variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) is preceded by a series of open reading frames designated expression site associated genes (ESAGs), which together with the VSG gene form a polycistronic transcription unit. It is shown that the products derived from two ESAGs (ESAG 6 and 7 in the nomenclature of Pays, E.,(More)
We have recently shown that NPY and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, which potently induce or inhibit feeding, respectively, have opposing modulatory actions on GABAergic synapses in the medial parvocellular region of the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (mpPVN). Because this action might underlie the effects of NPY on feeding, we have examined the(More)
AIM Bombesin (BBS) receptors are potential targets for diagnosis and therapy of breast and prostate tumors. To overcome the rapid degradation of natural BBS some modifications were introduced at positions 13 and 14. Additionally, a spacer was inserted between the chelator and the binding sequence in order to further improve the in vivo uptake. The analogues(More)