Annette Dobson

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BACKGROUND From the mid-1980s to mid-1990s, the WHO MONICA Project monitored coronary events and classic risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) in 38 populations from 21 countries. We assessed the extent to which changes in these risk factors explain the variation in the trends in coronary-event rates across the populations. METHODS In men and(More)
987 1 School of Psychology and School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Australia. 2 School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Australia. 3 School of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, Australia. 4 Research Centre for Gender and Health, University of Newcastle, Australia. 5 Centre for Research and Education on(More)
BACKGROUND Regression to the mean (RTM) is a statistical phenomenon that can make natural variation in repeated data look like real change. It happens when unusually large or small measurements tend to be followed by measurements that are closer to the mean. METHODS We give some examples of the phenomenon, and discuss methods to overcome it at the design(More)
The Women's Health Australia (WHA) project is a longitudinal study of several cohorts of Australian women, which aims to examine the relationships between biological, psychological, social and lifestyle factors and women's physical health, emotional well-being, and their use of and satisfaction with health care. Using the Medicare database as a sampling(More)
A slightly modified version of the Quality-of-Life after Myocardial Infarction (QLMI) questionnaire developed by Oldridge and colleagues was applied in a self-administered mode to patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a randomized controlled trial of secondary prevention. Acceptability of the questionnaire was good, with 93% of(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the effects of quantity and frequency of alcohol consumption on risk of acute myocardial infarction and coronary death. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Lower Hunter region of New South Wales, Australia, 1983-94. SUBJECTS Men and women aged 35-69 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Acute myocardial infarction or coronary death. (More)
A population-based case-control study (involving 1282 cases and 2068 controls) was conducted to examine the risk of myocardial infarction or coronary death after cigarette smokers quit smoking. The odds ratios for current smokers were significantly elevated compared to non-smokers (OR = 2.7 for men and OR = 4.7 for women). For ex-smokers odds ratios(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess how well B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) predicts prognosis in patients with heart failure. DESIGN Systematic review of studies assessing BNP for prognosis in patients with heart failure or asymptomatic patients. DATA SOURCES Electronic searches of Medline and Embase from January 1994 to March 2004 and reference lists of included(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical view of case fatality (CF) from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in those reaching the hospital alive is different from the population view. Registration of both hospitalized AMI cases and out-of-hospital coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths in the WHO MONICA Project allows both views to be reconciled. The WHO MONICA Project provides(More)