Annette Baumgartner

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In parallel to the detection of new neuronal autoantibodies, the diagnosis of non-infectious limbic encephalitis has risen. Given that cerebral imaging studies show highly variable results, the present retrospective study investigates imaging findings in association with autoantibody type. An institutional database search identified 18 patients with(More)
There is compelling evidence that withdrawal of neurotrophins can lead to impaired neuronal function and even apoptotic death of neurons. Recent experimental evidence suggests that antidepressant drugs and electroconvulsive treatment might work by enhancing CNS levels of neurotrophins. In addition, Lithium (LI) has been shown to exert robust neuroprotective(More)
Six patients with very severe forms of non-rapid cycling bipolar affective illness whose symptoms had previously been refractory to all current antidepressant and/or prophylactic medications were treated with supraphysiological doses of thyroxine (250 to 500 micrograms/day) as an adjuvant to their previous medications. The mean follow-up period was 27.8 +/-(More)
In an open clinical trial we investigated whether addition of supraphysiological doses of thyroxine (T4) to conventional antidepressant drugs has an antidepressant effect in therapy-resistant depressed patients. Seventeen severely ill, therapy-resistant, euthyroid patients with major depression (12 bipolar, five unipolar) were studied. The patients had been(More)
Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T(4)), triiodothyronine (T(3)), reverse triiodothyronine (rT(3)) and thyrotropine (TSH) were measured in 31 acutely ill in-patients with schizophrenia before and after four weeks of treatment with the phenothiazine derivative perazine. The serum levels of all the above hormones were also determined in 19 schizophrenic(More)
OBJECTIVES Fingolimod is a well-established, highly effective immunomodulatory treatment for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). However, little is known about disease course after its discontinuation. METHODS This is a case series on four patients with RRMS who had a severe reactivation after fingolimod discontinuation. RESULTS(More)
Thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations, and the activities of the three deiodinase isoenzymes were measured in different brain regions and peripheral tissues of rats. According to an animal model of alcohol addiction, "behaviorally" dependent rats having lost control over their intake of ethanol were compared with alcohol-naive controls and(More)
Hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) is a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders with progressive lower limb spasticity, categorized into pure (p-HSP) and complicated forms (c-HSP). The purpose of this study was to evaluate if brain volumes in HSP were altered compared with a control population. Brain volumes were determined in patients(More)
Serum concentrations of thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyrotropine were measured in 34 patients with nonseasonal affective disorders before and after 1 week of light treatment. Nineteen of these patients received bright white light (2500 lx) and 15 dim red light (50 lx) for 2 hours daily in the mornings over a 1-week period. Slight but(More)
Immunological mechanisms and therapy approaches in psychotic syndromes were recently supported by the discovery of autoantibody-associated limbic and non-limbic encephalitis. However, how clinical diagnostic procedures in psychiatry should be adapted to these new insights is still unclear. In this study, we analyzed the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and(More)