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Compared to the crude velonom of Bothrops jararaca, which needs 5000 ng to produce a hemorrhagic spot of 1 cm2 on rabbit skin, the isolated hemorrhagic factors HF1, HF2 and HF3 require 100, 20 and 15 ng of protein, respectively. Although these hemorrhagic factors possess different biochemical and biophysical properties, they are immunologically related(More)
Five distinct fibrin(ogen)olytic proteinases PofibC1, C2, C3, H and S were isolated by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatographies. PofibC1, C2, C3 and H are metalloproteinases inhibited by ethylenediamine tetracetic acid (EDTA) or 1,10-phenanthroline. Only PofibH had hemorrhagic activity. PofibS is a serine proteinase, inhibited by(More)
Moojeni protease A was purified from the venom of Bothrops moojeni by chromatography on Sephadex G-100, DEAE Sephadex A-50 and rechromatography on Sephadex G-100. The enzyme shows one protein band in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis at pH 8.5 or at pH 4.3. The pI of moojeni protease A was approximately 7.7. In immunoelectrophoresis it migrates to the(More)
Longevity is the economically most important functional trait in cattle populations. However, with an increased productive lifespan, the number of offspring born by older dams increases. A higher maternal age might have negative effects on the performance of offspring. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal age on production(More)
The effect of sorption to dissolved humic acids (HAs) on the chlorination of PAHs in aqueous solution was studied. The addition of HA accelerated the chlorination of fluoranthene and naphthalene in hypochlorite solutions at pH 5, the stronger effect being observed for fluoranthene that is sorbed to a higher extent than naphthalene. Sorption coefficients(More)
Peaks corresponding to arg-vasotocin obtained by HPLC from Sep-Pak C18 column extracts of Bothrops jararaca plasma were identified by radioimmunoassay and amino acid analysis. Plasma vasotocin and protein levels, osmolality, and L-cystine-di-beta-naphthylamidase were also compared in snakes under normal hydration conditions with or without chronic(More)
The hydrolytic activity of three basic proteinases isolated from Bothrops moojeni venom was determined on the B-chain of oxidized insulin. The serine proteinases MSP1 and MSP2 cleave the insulin B-chain at identical positions and in the same order of bond cleavage. Cleavage occurs first at the Arg-Gly(22-23) position, followed by hydrolysis of the(More)
A systematic analysis of the peptide sequences and lengths of several homologues of bioactive peptides and of a number of quenched-fluorescence (qf) opioid- and bradykinin-related peptides was performed to determine the main features leading the oligopeptides to hydrolysis by the recombinant rat testis thimet oligopeptidase (EC 3.4.24.15). The results(More)
A myotoxin has been isolated from the Duvernoy's gland (DG) secretion of the xenodontine colubrid Philodrvas olfersii (green snake) by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 SF. Under non-reducing and reducing conditions in SDS-PAGE, the myotoxin migrates as a single band with a mol. wt. of 20000. The toxin has 182 amino acid residues (approximately 20% acidic),(More)
Two peptides with kinin-like biological properties were isolated by chromatography on a Sephadex G-10 column followed by high-performance liquid chromatography, from the venom of the spider Scaptocosa raptoria. The isolated peptides (peptide-S and peptide-R) were shown to cause contraction on the isolated guinea-pig ileum at amounts equivalent to those(More)