Annett Helfrich

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The COP9 signalosome (CSN) is a conserved protein complex found in all eukaryotic cells and involved in the regulation of the ubiquitin (Ub)/26S proteasome system. It binds numerous proteins, including the Ub E3 ligases and the deubiquitinating enzyme Ubp12p, the S. pombe ortholog of human USP15. We found that USP15 copurified with the human CSN complex.(More)
In bacteria with circular chromosomes, homologous recombination can generate chromosome dimers that cannot be segregated to daughter cells at cell division. Xer site-specific recombination at dif, a 28-bp site located in the replication terminus region of the chromosome, converts dimers to monomers through the sequential action of the XerC and XerD(More)
The 26S proteasome degrades polyubiquitylated (polyUb) proteins by an ATP-dependent mechanism. Here we show that binding of model polyUb substrates to the 19S regulator of mammalian and yeast 26S proteasomes enhances the peptidase activities of the 20S proteasome about two-fold in a process requiring ATP hydrolysis. Monoubiquitylated proteins or(More)
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