Annett Hölsken

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Activating beta-catenin (CTNNB1) mutations can be identified in the majority of adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas (adaCP), suggesting an aberrant Wnt signaling pathway in this histopathologically peculiar tumor entity. However, there is no proven evidence that nuclear translocation of beta-catenin is associated with CTNNB1 mutations and target gene(More)
INTRODUCTION The term atypical pituitary adenoma (APA) was revised in the 2004 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of pituitary tumors. However, two of the four parameters required for the diagnosis of APAs were formulated rather vaguely (i.e., "extensive" nuclear staining for p53; "elevated" mitotic index). Based on a case-control study using a(More)
Gliomas are the most common primary tumors of the central nervous system, with glioblastomas as the most malignant entity. Rapid proliferation and diffuse brain invasion of these tumors are likely to determine the unfavorable prognosis. Considering its promigratory properties, the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling pathway has become a(More)
Gliomas are the most common primary tumors of the central nervous system, with glioblastomas as the most malignant entity. Rapid proliferation and diffuse brain invasion of these tumors are likely to determine the unfavorable prognosis. Considering its promigratory properties, the transforming growth factor-B (TGF-B) signaling pathway has become a major(More)
Activation of the Wnt/wingless signalling cascade is a key mechanism in developmental morphogenesis, whereas aberrant nuclear accumulation of β-catenin in adult tissues seems to be associated with neoplastic transformation and tumour progression. Adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas carry activating mutations in exon 3 of the β-catenin gene, which results in(More)
Activating β-catenin mutations with aberrant cytoplasmic and nuclear protein accumulation are hallmarks of adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas (adaCP). These tumours tend to be associated with unfavourable and occasionally disastrous sequelae, as they invade adjacent brain structures such as the hypothalamus. The peculiar digitate growth pattern does not(More)
BACKGROUND Extensive neurosurgical resection of craniopharyngiomas often requires lifetime hormonal substitution. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of the hormone receptor expression of insulinlike growth factor-1, growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor, growth hormone, progesterone, estrogen (ER-1, ER-beta), and leptins (Ra6.4, Ra12.1, Rb) on tumor(More)
PURPOSE Constitutive Wnt signaling caused by mutations in the β-catenin gene is a molecular hallmark of adamantinomatous craniopharyngiomas (adaCP) and promotes infiltration into adjacent brain tissue. Herein, we studied the pathogenic role of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation in adaCP and whether tumor cell migration can be inhibited by(More)
INTRODUCTION Craniopharyngiomas (CP) are rare epithelial tumors of the sellar region. Two subtypes, adamantinomatous (adaCP) and papillary CP (papCP), were previously identified based on histomorphological and epidemiological aspects. Recent data indicates that both variants are defined by specific genetic alterations, and influenced by distinct molecular(More)
Craniopharyngiomas (CP) are benign epithelial tumors of the sellar region and can be clinicopathologically distinguished into adamantinomatous (adaCP) and papillary (papCP) variants. Both subtypes are classified according to the World Health Organization grade I, but their irregular digitate brain infiltration makes any complete surgical resection difficult(More)