Annemiete W C M van der Kemp

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Mg2+ is an essential ion involved in a multitude of physiological and biochemical processes and a major constituent of bone tissue. Mg2+ homeostasis in mammals depends on the equilibrium between intestinal Mg2+ absorption and renal Mg2+ excretion, but little is known about the molecular nature of the proteins involved in the transepithelial transport of(More)
Blood calcium concentration is maintained within a narrow range despite large variations in dietary input and body demand. The Transient Receptor Potential ion channel TRPV5 has been implicated in this process. We report here that TRPV5 is stimulated by the mammalian hormone klotho. Klotho, a beta-glucuronidase, hydrolyzes extracellular sugar residues on(More)
Ca2+ ions play a fundamental role in many cellular processes, and the extracellular concentration of Ca2+ is kept under strict control to allow the proper physiological functions to take place. The kidney, small intestine, and bone determine the Ca2+ flux to the extracellular Ca2+ pool in a concerted fashion. Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation(More)
Thiazide diuretics enhance renal Na+ excretion by blocking the Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC), and mutations in NCC result in Gitelman syndrome. The mechanisms underlying the accompanying hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia remain debated. Here, we show that enhanced passive Ca2+ transport in the proximal tubule rather than active Ca2+ transport in distal(More)
The recently cloned epithelial Ca2+ channel (ECaC), which is expressed primarily in 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3))-responsive Ca2+ -transporting epithelia, is postulated to constitute the rate-limiting step in active Ca2+ reabsorption. In the present study, the effect of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) was investigated on ECaC mRNA and protein levels in(More)
Pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets (PDDR) is an autosomal disease characterized by hyperparathyroidism, rickets, and undetectable levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitaminD3 (1,25(OH)2D3). Mice in which the 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-OHase) gene was inactivated presented the same clinical phenotype as patients with PDDR and were used to study(More)
The family of epithelial Ca(2+) channels consists of two highly homologues members, TRPV5 and TRPV6, which constitute the apical Ca(2+) entry mechanism in active Ca(2+) (re)absorption in kidney and small intestine. In kidney, TRPV5 expression has been extensively studied, whereas TRPV6 localization and regulation has been largely confined to the small(More)
Primary hypomagnesemia is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by renal or intestinal magnesium (Mg2+) wasting, resulting in tetany, cardiac arrhythmias, and seizures. The kidney plays an essential role in maintaining blood Mg2+ levels, with a prominent function for the Mg2+-transporting channel transient receptor potential cation channel,(More)
Vitamin D plays an important role in Ca(2+) homeostasis by controlling Ca(2+) (re)absorption in intestine, kidney, and bone. The epithelial Ca(2+) channel TRPV5 mediates the Ca(2+) entry step in active Ca(2+) reabsorption. TRPV5 knockout (TRPV5(-/-)) mice show impaired Ca(2+) reabsorption, hypercalciuria, hypervitaminosis D, and intestinal hyperabsorption(More)
To extend our knowledge of the functions of desmin and vimentin intermediate filaments in the developing organism, a construct encoding a truncated desmin subunit driven by the desmin promoter (pDDV), was introduced into the murine germ line. The resulting mutant desmin subunit was assembly-incompetent and capable of disrupting both preexisting desmin and(More)