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Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is common and the majority of infected individuals successfully deal with this virus. Clearance of HPV is presumably mediated by T cells but HPV-16-specific T-cell memory was usually detected in patients with progressive disease and not in healthy subjects, suggesting that HPV-immunity comes too late. We now show(More)
The incidence of genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infections is high in young, sexually active individuals. Most infections are cleared within 1 year after infection. The targets for the cellular immune response in this process of viral clearance remain to be identified, but the expression pattern of the E2 protein in early infection and low-grade(More)
Cervical cancer is the possible outcome of genital infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) and is preceded by a phase of persistent HPV infection during which the host immune system fails to eliminate the virus. Fortunately, the majority of genital HPV infections are cleared before the development of (pre)malignant lesions. Analysis of CD4+(More)
Human T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) pair in millions of combinations to create complex and unique T cell repertoires for each person. Through the use of tetramers to analyze TCRs reactive to the antigen-presenting molecule CD1b, we detected T cells with highly stereotyped TCR α-chains present among genetically unrelated patients with tuberculosis. The(More)
T cells autoreactive to the antigen-presenting molecule CD1a are common in human blood and skin, but the search for natural autoantigens has been confounded by background T cell responses to CD1 proteins and self lipids. After capturing CD1a-lipid complexes, we gently eluted ligands while preserving non-ligand-bound CD1a for testing lipids from tissues.(More)
A central paradigm in αβ T cell-mediated immunity is the simultaneous co-recognition of antigens and antigen-presenting molecules by the αβ T cell antigen receptor (TCR). CD1a presents a broad repertoire of lipid-based antigens. We found that a prototypical autoreactive TCR bound CD1a when it was presenting a series of permissive endogenous ligands, while(More)
Tumor-specific T-helper (Th) immunity was found to play a pivotal role in the natural and vaccine-induced immune defense against tumors. Since the majority of cervical cancers express human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) E7 oncoprotein, it is important to investigate the Th response against this target antigen in detail. By means of PBMC cultures from(More)
TA-CIN is a vaccine that comprises the human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 L2, E6 and E7 as a single fusion protein. In a mouse model, TA-CIN effectively prevented outgrowth of HPV16-positive tumour cells. To assess the safety and immunogenicity of TA-CIN, a dose escalating (26, 128, 533 micro g), double blind and placebo-controlled phase I study was(More)
Because of their important role in the maintenance of self-tolerance, CD4(+) regulatory T cells prevent autoimmune diseases but also curtail the efficacy of T cell immune responses against cancers. We now show that this suppressive action of CD4(+) regulatory T cells is not limited to cancers displaying tumor-associated self antigens, such as melanomas, but(More)
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common autoimmune disease resulting from damage of the hair follicle by T cells. The immune pathways required for autoreactive T cell activation in AA are not defined limiting clinical development of rational targeted therapies. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) implicated ligands for the NKG2D receptor (product of the KLRK1(More)