Annemieke Smit-van Oosten

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Long-term renin-angiotensin system blockade is beneficial in a variety of renal diseases. This study examines the long-term (34 weeks) effects of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril and the angiotensin II receptor type I blocker L158,809 in the Fisher to Lewis rat model of chronic renal transplant failure. Treatment in allografted rats(More)
Ischemic injury plays an important role in chronic renal transplant failure (CRTF). Down-regulation of ecto-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) in combination with up-regulation of ecto-5'-nucleotidase is a hallmark of ischemic injury. We studied the expression of renal ecto-5'-nucleotidase and ecto-ATPase in experimental renal transplantation. Fisher(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death following renal transplantation. Mechanisms leading to vascular dysfunction outside the transplanted organ involve common risk factors such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, proteinuria, but immune-mediated factors may also be involved. We hypothesized that transplantation-associated risk(More)
Glomerular endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression is decreased in humans during acute rejection and chronic renal transplant failure (CRTF). This may contribute to vascular damage through changes in the renal hemodynamics and enhanced endothelial adhesion of leukocytes and platelets. Dietary supplementation of L-arginine may increase endothelial NO(More)
Application of gene therapy to the renal graft has a powerful potential to improve the outcome of kidney transplantation and eliminate detrimental side effects associated with systemic therapy, through local expression of immunoregulatory or other protective molecules. However, the search for the optimal vector is still ongoing. In this study, we used a(More)
BACKGROUND Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), the rate-limiting enzyme in the tryptophan catabolism, has recently emerged as an important immunosuppressive enzyme involved in the regulation of both physiologic (maternal tolerance), as well as pathologic (neoplasia, autoimmune diseases, asthma) processes. Accumulating evidence points to a role for IDO in(More)
In this protocol, PAH is induced by combining a 60 mg/kg monocrotalin (MCT) injection with increased pulmonary blood flow through an aorto-caval shunt (MCT+Flow). The shunt is created by inserting an 18-G needle from the abdominal aorta into the adjacent caval vein. Increased pulmonary flow has been demonstrated as an essential trigger for a severe form of(More)
BACKGROUND The Fisher to Lewis (F-L) model of renal transplantation (Rtx) is widely used. Rtx from F to L without immunosuppressive treatment results in 50% survival, whereas L to F results in survival rates similar to syngrafts. When treated with an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor or antihypertensive triple therapy, renal damage is markedly(More)
In renal transplantation, chronic renal transplant failure (CRTF) is the principal cause of late graft loss. Both immunological and non-immunological factors play a role in the pathogenesis of CRTF. However, CRTF is unresponsive to immunosuppressive therapy. In several kidney diseases, inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has shown to reduce the(More)
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