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The effector T-cell lineage shows great plasticity. Th17 cells are acknowledged to be instrumental in the response against microbial infection, but are also associated with autoimmune inflammatory processes. Here, we report that human regulatory T cells (CD4(pos)CD25(high)Foxp3(pos)CD127(neg)CD27(pos)) can differentiate into IL-17-producing cells, when(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by an intermittent course of disease with alternate periods of remission and relapse. T cells, and in particular the T-cell cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17), are expected to be involved in arthritic flares. Here, we report that neutralizing endogenous IL-17 during reactivation of antigen-induced arthritis prevents joint(More)
At present only few biological data are available to indicate whether psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is part of the spondyloarthropathy (SpA) concept, whether it is a separate disease entity or a heterogeneous disease group with oligoarticular/axial forms belonging to SpA and polyarticular forms resembling rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To address this issue with(More)
CD97 is a member of the EGF-TM7 family of adhesion class receptors, with a proposed role in inflammatory cell recruitment. Neutralization of murine CD97 with the anti-mCD97 mAb 1B2 was efficacious in prevention of murine collagen-induced arthritis, a model with features resembling rheumatoid arthritis. Here, the therapeutic potential of neutralizing CD97 in(More)
Susceptibility to multiple sclerosis (MS) is widely held to have a strong genetic component. While the identities of genes conferring susceptibility are currently unknown, possible candidates include those genes coding for proteins which function in central nervous system (CNS) myelin. Two such genes are the human myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist-deficient (IL-1Ra-/-) mice spontaneously develop an inflammatory and destructive arthritis due to unopposed excess IL-1 signaling. In this study, the role of Th17 cells and the effect of neutralization of IL-17, IL-1, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) were investigated in this IL-1-driven murine arthritis(More)
OBJECTIVE Human aging is associated with remodeling of the immune system. While most studies on immunosenescence have focused on adaptive immunity, the effects of aging on innate immunity are not well understood. Here, we investigated whether aging affects cytokine responses to a wide range of well-defined pattern recognition receptor (PRR) ligands, such as(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the baseline presence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated biomarkers could define subgroups of patients that are more prone to show a spontaneous decrease of RA disease activity. In a previous placebo-controlled phase II trial that failed to show any superiority of the experimental compound versus placebo, a remarkable(More)
INTRODUCTION The immune modulatory role of estrogens in inflammation is complex. Both pro- and anti-inflammatory effects of estrogens have been described. Estrogens bind both estrogen receptor (ER)alpha and beta. The contribution of ERalpha and ERbeta to ER-mediated immune modulation was studied in delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) and in experimental(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is a mediator in antimicrobial responses and inflammatory autoimmune diseases. Although IL-22 and its receptor, IL-22R, have been identified in the synovium of rheumatoid arthritis patients, the source of IL-22 and its contribution to disease pathogenicity remain to be established. This study was undertaken to investigate(More)