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During the last decade it has been shown that the central nervous system can influence the immune system. In healthy individuals, catecholamines can inhibit the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines like interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) via interaction with beta 2-adrenergic receptors. In contrast, we show here that(More)
BACKGROUND The study of human endometrial-embryonic interactions is complicated by the disruptive impact of endometrial sample collection on the process of implantation itself. Endometrial secretion analysis is a novel technique, non-disruptive to implantation. The primary aim of this prospective cohort study was to explore whether a cytokine profile(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is typically accompanied by acute and chronic alterations in the stress response. These alterations have mostly been described in individuals under baseline conditions, but several studies have also used a challenge model to further assess the role of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in the stress response.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent boys and girls, to explore the role of lifestyle factors in fatigue, and to investigate whether severe fatigue in a healthy population is associated with depression, anxiety, and comorbid factors also observed in chronic fatigue syndrome patients. METHODS(More)
Chronic pain associated with inflammation is a common clinical problem, and the underlying mechanisms have only begun to be unraveled. GRK2 regulates cellular signaling by promoting G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) desensitization and direct interaction with downstream kinases including p38. The aim of this study was to determine the contribution of GRK2(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is an important cytokine in inflammatory processes by functioning as a chemoattractant and as an activator of oxygen metabolism. In the present study we demonstrate that beta 2-adrenergic agonists potentiate the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and IL-1 induced production of IL-8 by human monocytes. In addition, beta 2-adrenergic activation(More)
Hyperexcitability of peripheral nociceptive pathways is often associated with inflammation and is an important mechanism underlying inflammatory pain. Here we describe a completely novel mechanism via which nociceptor G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) contributes to regulation of inflammatory hyperalgesia. We show that nociceptor GRK2 is(More)
OBJECTIVE Burnout is a stress-induced work-related syndrome. It is associated with a higher incidence of infections possibly pointing to a compromised immune system. In the present study, endocrine and ex vivo immune function of severe cases of burnout were investigated. METHODS Endocrine and immune variables were compared in 56 persons with burnout and(More)
Beta2-Adrenergic and chemokine receptor antagonists delay the onset and reduce the severity of joint injury in rheumatoid arthritis. beta2-Adrenergic and chemokine receptors belong to the G-protein-coupled receptor family whose responsiveness is turned off by the G-protein-coupled receptor kinase family (GRK-1 to 6). GRKs phosphorylate receptors in an(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy is widely viewed as dependent upon an intimate dialogue, mediated by locally secreted factors between a developmentally competent embryo and a receptive endometrium. Reproductive success in humans is however limited, largely because of the high prevalence of chromosomally abnormal preimplantation embryos. Moreover, the transient period(More)