Annemarie Losert

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Activins are a closely related subgroup within the TGFbeta superfamily of growth and differentiation factors. They consist of two disulfide-linked beta subunits. Four mammalian activin beta subunits termed beta(A), beta(B), beta(C), and beta(E), respectively, have been identified. Activin A, the homodimer of two beta(A) subunits, has important regulatory(More)
Avemar (MSC) is a nontoxic fermented wheat germ extract demonstrated to have antitumor effects. Avemar has the potential to significantly improve the survival rate in patients suffering from malignant colon tumors. We studied its effects in the HT-29 human colon carcinoma cell line. Avemar had an inhibiting effect on colonies of HT-29 cells with an IC50(More)
Gallic acid (GA) is a naturally occurring polyhydroxyphenolic compound and an excellent free radical scavenger. In this study, we examined its cytotoxic and biochemical effects on the human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cell line. GA caused a significant imbalance of deoxynucleosidetriphosphate (dNTP) pool sizes, indicating ribonucleotide reductase(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Activins A and E negatively regulate hepatic cell number by inhibiting cell replication and inducing apoptosis. Follistatin and follistatin-like 3 bind activins and antagonise their biological activities. Aim of our study was to investigate, whether activins and follistatins may play a role in hepatocarcinogenesis. METHODS Expression(More)
To better understand the response of HCC to EGFR inhibition, we analyzed factors connected to the resistance of HCC cells against gefitinib. Sensitive HCC3 cells co-expressed EGFR and ErbB3 but lacked kinase-domain mutations in EGFR. Interestingly, expression of MVP was restricted to resistant cell lines, whereas ABCB1 and ABCC1 showed no association with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We studied the impact of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) on inflammation-driven hepatocarcinogenesis. METHODS HB-EGF expression was determined by qRT-PCR and immunodetection in hepatocellular adenoma and carcinoma and in mesenchymal (MC) and parenchymal liver cells obtained from different models of(More)
We investigated the expression of all members of the EGFR family and several of their ligands (EGF, TGFa, HB-EGF, amphiregulin, betacellulin, epiregulin, neuregulin 1-4) in human hepatoma cell lines (Hep3B and HepG2) and liver tumors. HepG2 and Hep3B cells expressed three of the four receptors and the majority of the investigated ligands, indicating(More)
In previous studies, boron compounds were considered to be of comparatively low toxicity in the aquatic environment, with predicted no effect concentration (PNEC) values ranging around 1 mg B/L (expressed as boron equivalent). In the present study, we describe an evaluation of toxicity data for boron available for the aquatic environment by different(More)