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BACKGROUND Progression of joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is partly heritable; knowledge of genetic factors may increase our understanding of the mechanisms underlying joint destruction. The activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway influences osteoblast differentiation. Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) and sclerostin (Sost) are negative regulators and(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic factors account for an estimated 45-58% of the variance in joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The serine proteinase granzyme B induces target cell apoptosis, and several in vitro studies suggest that granzyme B is involved in apoptosis of chondrocytes. Serum levels of granzyme B are increased in RA and are also associated with(More)
To evaluate whether intravenous gadolinium (Gd) contrast administration can be eliminated when evaluating synovitis and tenosynovitis in early arthritis patients, thereby decreasing imaging time, cost, and invasiveness. Wrist MRIs of 93 early arthritis patients were evaluated by two readers for synovitis of the radioulnar, radiocarpal, and intercarpal(More)
BACKGROUND MRI is increasingly used to measure inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) research, but the correlation to clinical assessment is unexplored. This study determined the association and concordance between inflammation of small joints measured with MRI and physical examination. METHODS 179 patients with early arthritis underwent a 68 tender(More)
To determine whether T1 post-gadolinium chelate images (T1Gd) can replace T2-weighted images (T2) for evaluating bone marrow oedema (BME), thereby allowing a shorter magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In 179 early arthritis patients and 43 advanced RA patients, wrist and metacarpophalangeal joints were examined on a(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) research. A European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) task force recently suggested that MRI can improve the certainty of RA diagnosis. Because this recommendation may reflect a tendency to use MRI in daily practice, thorough studies on the value of MRI are(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a sensitive method to detect inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), visualizing synovitis, bone marrow edema, and tenosynovitis. The prevalence of MRI-detected tenosynovitis and its diagnostic value in early arthritis are unclear. This study was undertaken to identify the frequency of MRI-detectable(More)
OBJECTIVES Baseline erosions are characteristic for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and predictive for a severe disease course. The mechanisms leading to baseline erosions being a strong predictor for radiological progression are unknown. We aimed to increase this understanding by mediation analyses in an observational cohort and a cross-sectional MRI study. (More)
AIMS Sulfonylureas are mainly metabolized by the enzyme CYP2C9. Two allelic variants, CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3, result in decreased metabolic capacity and have been associated with elevated sulfonylurea serum levels. However, most of the available data originates from pharmacokinetic analyses performed in healthy individuals. In this study, the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE Undifferentiated arthritis (UA) is a diagnosis 'per exclusionem'. Therefore this patient population may change since the development of the ACR/EULAR 2010-criteria for RA. This study evaluated characteristics and outcomes of UA in its new shape. Second, it was evaluated whether the 2010-criteria and the Leiden prediction rule were congruent in(More)