Annelise Mark Pejtersen

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Engineers get most of their information from colleagues and internal reports. This study investigates how engineers’ information-seeking practices intertwine looking for informing documents with looking for informed people. Based on case studies in two product-development organisations we find that engineers search for documents to find people, search for(More)
Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) is a conceptual framework that makes it possible to analyze the forces that shape human-information interaction. This analysis can then be directly transformed to design requirements for information systems. Its approach is work-centered, rather than usercentered, and it analyzes the constraints and goals that shape information(More)
While most research in the area of human-information behavior has focused on a single dimension—either the psychological or the social—this case study demonstrated the importance of a multidimensional approach. The Cognitive Work Analysis framework guided this field study of one event of collaborative information retrieval (CIR) carried out by design(More)
Most information retrieval and management tools have been developed for use by individuals. For example, Web search interfaces, and online catalogs support individual searchers working on their own. In workplace and library settings, however, teamwork is becoming more and more prevalent. We use the term <i>Collaborative Information Retrieval (CIR)</i> to(More)
For the last decade, the Gibsonian concept of affordances has attracted much attention within Human-Machine Interaction (HMI) and related research communities. The application of Gibson's ideas in HMI has lead to the notion of direct manipulation of interface objects. Previously, the focus has been on design for low level interaction modalities. To(More)
several issues that call for cross-disciplinary cooperation with such human science disciplines as psychology, sociology, and information science. Therefore , an international research network called the Network for Engineering Design and Human Science was established in 1996 with participation by universities in Canada, Denmark, England, and the U.S., and(More)
Information retrieval is generally considered an individual activity, and information retrieval research and tools reflect this view. As digitally mediated communication and information sharing increase, collaborative information retrieval merits greater attention and support. We describe field studies of information gathering in two design teams that had(More)
description in general value terms for priority judgements Description in terms of general "standard" functions, typical of the domain Description in terms of the physical processes of the equipment and tools involved Levels and transformation in Description of Work requirements from Domain Terms to Cognitive Terms Situation Definit ion "Task" in Domain(More)