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The expression of major histocompatibility class I (MHC-I) crucially depends upon the binding of appropriate peptides. MHC-I from natural sources are therefore always preoccupied with peptides complicating their purification and analysis. Here, we present an efficient solution to this problem. Recombinant MHC-I heavy chains were produced in Escherichia coli(More)
T-cells play an important role in controlling viral infections inside the CNS. To study the role of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 in the migration and positioning of virus-specific effector T-cells within the brain, CXCR3-deficient mice were infected intracerebrally with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). Analysis of the induction phase of the(More)
The interplay between viral infection and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was studied. Infection with a noncytopathogenic virus, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), was found to sensitize mice to low doses of LPS. In vivo, this hypersensitivity correlated with hyperproduction of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and in vitro, LPS-stimulated splenic(More)
To define the role of T cells and B cells in resistance to vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) infection, knockout mice with different specific immune defects on an identical background were infected i.v. and the outcome of infection was compared; in this way a more complete picture of the relative importance of various host defence mechanisms could be(More)
T cell mediated immunity and in particular CD8+ T cells are pivotal for the control of most viral infections. T cells exclusively exert their antiviral effect through close cellular interaction with relevant virus-infected target cells in vivo. It is therefore imperative that efficient mechanisms exist, which will rapidly direct newly generated effector T(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic progressive, inflammatory and destructive autoimmune disease, characterised by synovial joint inflammation and bone erosion. To better understand the pathophysiology and underlying immune mechanisms of RA various models of arthritis have been developed in different inbred strains of mice. Establishment of(More)
The CC chemokine receptor CCR5 is an important coreceptor for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and there is a major thrust to develop anti-CCR5-based therapies for HIV-1. However, it is not known whether CCR5 is critical for a normal antiviral T-cell response. This study investigated the immune response to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in mice(More)
BACKGROUND Recently we and others have identified CD8 and CD4 T cell epitopes within the highly expressed M. tuberculosis protein TB10.4. This has enabled, for the first time, a comparative study of the dynamics and function of CD4 and CD8 T cells specific for epitopes within the same protein in various stages of TB infection. METHODS AND FINDINGS We(More)
CD40 ligand (CD40L) is an important molecule that is known to be involved in T-B collaboration and certain aspects of cell-mediated immunity. However, its role in antiviral immunity has not been clearly defined as of yet. Therefore, mice with a targeted defect in the gene encoding this molecule were infected with one of two strains of lymphocytic(More)
LPS is the major active agent in the pathogenesis of Gram-negative septic shock. In this report we have studied the influence of concurrent viral infection on the outcome of LPS-induced shock. We find that infection with vesicular stomatitis virus sensitizes mice to LPS at an early time point following infection. Treatment of mice with the chemical IFN(More)