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The amyloid peptides Aβ(40) and Aβ(42) of Alzheimer's disease are thought to contribute differentially to the disease process. Although Aβ(42) seems more pathogenic than Aβ(40), the reason for this is not well understood. We show here that small alterations in the Aβ(42):Aβ(40) ratio dramatically affect the biophysical and biological properties of the Aβ(More)
The mechanisms by which mutations in the presenilins (PSEN) or the amyloid precursor protein (APP) genes cause familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) are controversial. FAD mutations increase the release of amyloid β (Aβ)42 relative to Aβ40 by an unknown, possibly gain-of-toxic-function, mechanism. However, many PSEN mutations paradoxically impair γ-secretase and(More)
BACE1 cleaves the amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the β-cleavage site (Met(671) -Asp(672) ) to initiate the generation of amyloid peptide Aβ. BACE1 is also known to cleave APP at a much less well-characterized β'-cleavage site (Tyr(681) -Glu(682) ). We describe here the identification of a novel APP mutation E682K located at this β'-site in an early(More)
We provide a validated and rapid protocol for the solubilization of amyloid β-peptide (Aβ). This procedure involves sequential solubilization using structure-breaking organic solvents hexafluoroisopropanol and DMSO followed by column purification. The low solubility and tendency of Aβ to aggregate considerably impede the in vitro handling and biophysical or(More)
Aggregates of the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide are a hallmark of the Alzheimer's disease brain. Rather than presenting a single well‐defined moiety, the Aβ peptide pool is complex and composed from peptides truncated at the N‐terminus and varying in length at the C‐terminus. A range of synthetic amyloid beta peptides with C‐terminal variation were produced to(More)
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