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Hepatic peroxisomes are essential for lipid conversions that include the formation of mature conjugated bile acids, the degradation of branched chain fatty acids, and the synthesis of docosahexaenoic acid. Through unresolved mechanisms, deletion of functional peroxisomes from mouse hepatocytes (L-Pex5(-/-) mice) causes severe structural and functional(More)
We here report on the in vitro activity of toremifene to inhibit biofilm formation of different fungal and bacterial pathogens, including Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida dubliniensis, Candida krusei, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus epidermidis. We validated the in vivo efficacy of orally administered toremifene(More)
The success of chemotherapy in cancer treatment is limited by scarce drug delivery to the tumor and severe side-toxicity. Prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2) is an oxygen/redox-sensitive enzyme that induces cellular adaptations to stress conditions. Reduced activity of PHD2 in endothelial cells normalizes tumor vessels and enhances perfusion. Here,(More)
While the utility of cryopreserved human hepatocyte suspensions (CHHS) for in vitro drug metabolism assays has been established, less is known about the effects of cryopreservation on transporter activity in human hepatocytes. In the present study, the activities of NTCP (sodium taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide; SLC10A1), as well as of the hepatic(More)
Development and progression of cancer is accompanied by marked changes in the expression and activity of enzymes involved in the cellular homeostasis of fatty acids. One class of enzymes that play a particularly important role in this process are the acetyl-CoA carboxylases (ACC). ACCs produce malonyl-CoA, an intermediate metabolite that functions as(More)
Peroxisome deficiency in liver causes hepatosteatosis both in patients and in mice. Here, we studied the mechanisms that contribute to this lipid accumulation and to activation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α (PPARα) by using liver-specific Pex5(-/-) mice (L-Pex5(-/-) mice). Surprisingly, steatosis was accompanied both by increased(More)
The tight interrelationship between peroxisomes and mitochondria is illustrated by their cooperation in lipid metabolism, antiviral innate immunity and shared use of proteins executing organellar fission. In addition, we previously reported that disruption of peroxisome biogenesis in hepatocytes severely impacts on mitochondrial integrity, primarily(More)
Peroxisomes are essential for intermediary lipid metabolism, but the role of these organelles has been primarily studied in the liver. We recently generated aP2-Pex5 conditional knockout mice that due to the nonselectivity of the aP2 promoter, not only had dysfunctional peroxisomes in the adipose tissue but also in the central and peripheral nervous system,(More)
Double metal cyanides (DMCs) are highly active recyclable heterogeneous catalysts for hydroamination of phenylacetylene with 4-isopropylaniline. The best hydroamination yields are obtained with Zn-Co DMCs, especially if the particle size is decreased by a reverse emulsion synthesis technique.