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Recent animal experiments suggest that dopamine plays a less crucial role than formerly supposed in the regulation of psychomotor functions. This is illustrated by the finding that even in the almost complete absence of brain dopamine, a pronounced behavioural activation is produced in mice following suppression of glutamatergic neurotransmission. This(More)
The aim of the study was 1) to establish the prevalence of GAD antibodies (GADab) in a population-based study of type 2 diabetes in western Finland, 2) to genetically and phenotypically characterize this subgroup, and 3) to provide a definition for latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). The prevalence of GADab was 9.3% among 1,122 type 2 diabetic(More)
A series of (S)-phenylpiperidines in which the substituents on the aromatic ring and nitrogen have been varied has been prepared. They have been evaluated pharmacologically to explore the importance of these substituents for the interaction with central dopamine (DA) receptors. On the basis of biochemical and behavioral data in rats, several of these(More)
  • A Carlsson
  • 1988
The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is still almost entirely based on pharmacologic evidence. Even though a disturbed dopamine function has not yet been established beyond doubt in schizophrenia, recent basic research on dopaminergic mechanisms opens up possibilities for the development of more sophisticated pharmacologic tools, capable of discovering(More)
The putative 5-HT agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OHDPAT) produced in rats an increase in the number of shocks accepted in a modified Vogel's conflict test design. Subchronic pretreatment with p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) similarly caused release of the punished behavior. This anticonflict effect of PCPA was antagonized by both(More)
8-Methoxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OMe-DPAT) and 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) are two new drugs exerting selective actions on brain 5-HT neurotransmission. In the present experiments we have investigated the effects of these two drugs on male rat sexual behavior. It was found that both drugs reduce the number of intromissions(More)
The partial dopamine receptor agonists SDZ 208-911 (N-[(8-alpha)-2,6-dimethylergoline-8-yl]-2,2-dimethylpropanamid e), SDZ 208-912 (N-[8-alpha)-2-chloro-6-methylergoline-8-yl]-2,2- dimethylpropanamide) and terguride (transdihydrolisuride; TDHL) were tested in biochemical, behavioral (locomotor activity) and electrophysiological assays in male rats. In(More)
The concentrations of the 5-S-cysteinyl adducts of dopamine (DA), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and the levels of noradrenaline (NA), DA, DOPAC and DOPA were determined in the putamen (PUT), caudate nucleus (CN) and substantia nigra (SN) of human post mortem brains with or without depigmentation and(More)