Anneke Strijland

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The human chitinase, named chitotriosidase, is a member of family 18 of glycosylhydrolases. Following the cloning of the chitotriosidase cDNA (Boot, R. G., Renkema, G. H., Strijland, A., van Zonneveld, A. J., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 26252-26256), the gene and mRNA have been investigated. The chitotriosidase gene is assigned to(More)
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A that affects males and shows disease expression in heterozygotes. The characteristic progressive renal insufficiency, cardiac involvement, and neuropathology usually are ascribed to globotriaosylceramide accumulation in the endothelium. However, no direct(More)
In various mammals, enzymatically active and inactive members of family 18 glycosyl hydrolases, containing chitinases, have been identified. In man, chitotriosidase is the functional chitinolytic enzyme, whilst the homologous human cartilage 39-kDa glycoprotein (HC gp-39) does not exhibit chitinase activity and its function is unknown. This study(More)
The primary catabolic pathway for glucosylceramide is catalyzed by the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase that is defective in Gaucher disease patients. A distinct non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase has been described but its identity remained enigmatic for years. We here report that the non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase is identical to the earlier described(More)
Background: Fabry disease (OMIM 301500) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder with characteristic vascular, renal, cardiac and cerebral complications. Globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) accumulates in Fabry patients as a result of α-galactosidase A deficiency. The phenotypic variability is high, but the relationship between clinical symptoms in individual(More)
We have recently observed that chitotriosidase, a chitinolytic enzyme, is secreted by activated human macrophages and is markedly elevated in plasma of Gaucher disease patients (Hollak, C. E. M., van Weely, S., van Oers, M. H. J., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1994) J. Clin. Invest. 93, 1288-1292). Here, we report on the cloning of the corresponding cDNA. The(More)
The existence of a non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase in human cells has been documented (van Weely, S., Brandsma, M., Strijland, A., Tager, J. M., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1993) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1181, 55-62). Hypothetically, the activity of this enzyme, which is localized near the cell surface, may influence ceramide-mediated signaling processes. To(More)
We have used complementation analysis after somatic cell fusion to investigate the genetic relationships among various genetic diseases in humans in which there is a simultaneous impairment of several peroxisomal functions. The activity of acyl-coenzyme A:dihydroxyacetonephosphate acyltransferase, which is deficient in these diseases, was used as an index(More)
BACKGROUND Fabry disease is an X-linked inherited disorder that is caused by excessive lysosomal globotriaosylceramide (CTH) storage due to a deficiency in alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A). Two recombinant enzyme preparations have been approved as treatment modality. We studied emergence and properties of alpha-Gal A antibodies in treated patients. (More)
In addition to the lysosomal glucocerebrosidase, a distinct beta-glucosidase that is also active towards glucosylceramide could be demonstrated in various human tissues and cell types. Subcellular fractionation analysis revealed that the hitherto undescribed glucocerebrosidase is not located in lysosomes but in compartments with a considerably lower(More)