Anneclaire J. De Roos

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BACKGROUND An increased rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has been repeatedly observed among farmers, but identification of specific exposures that explain this observation has proven difficult. METHODS During the 1980s, the National Cancer Institute conducted three case-control studies of NHL in the midwestern United States. These pooled data were(More)
Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum herbicide that is one of the most frequently applied pesticides in the world. Although there has been little consistent evidence of genotoxicity or carcinogenicity from in vitro and animal studies, a few epidemiologic reports have indicated potential health effects of glyphosate. We evaluated associations between glyphosate(More)
Community based case-control studies are an efficient means to study disease aetiologies, and may be the only practical means to investigate rare diseases. However, exposure assessment remains problematic. We review the literature on the validity and reliability of common case-control exposure assessment methods: occupational histories, job-exposure(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) have been suspected as possible contributors to increasing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma incidence during the latter half of the 20th century based on their toxicologic properties and provocative epidemiologic reports. We investigated PCBs and other organochlorines and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a population-based(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Risk factors for subtypes of esophageal and gastric cancer recently have been identified, but their effect on survival is unknown. METHODS Incident cases (n = 1142) from a population-based case-control study were followed-up from diagnosis (1993-1995) until 2000. Cox regression models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs)(More)
In an International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium pooled analysis, polymorphisms in 2 immune-system-related genes, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-10 (IL10), were associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk. Here, 8,847 participants were added to previous data (patients diagnosed from 1989 to 2005 in 14 case-control studies; 7,999 cases,(More)
PURPOSE Farming has been associated with increased risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in some studies, but specific causes have not been identified. We studied risk factors for RA in the Agricultural Health Study, a cohort of over 57,000 licensed pesticide applicators and their spouses. METHODS We used a nested case-control design, limited to female(More)
Industrial pollution has been suspected as a cause of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), based on associations with chemical exposures in occupational studies. We conducted a case-control study of NHL in four SEER regions of the United States, in which residential locations of 864 cases and 684 controls during the 10 years before recruitment were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrate is a widespread contaminant of drinking water, but its potential health effects are unclear. In the body, nitrate is reduced to nitrite, which can react with amines and amides by nitrosation to form N-nitroso compounds, known animal carcinogens. N-nitroso compound formation is inhibited by certain nutrients, such as vitamin C, and(More)
GST and CYP2E1 genes are involved in metabolism of several compounds (e.g., solvents) that may play a role in brain cancer etiology. We evaluated associations between polymorphisms in these genes and adult brain tumor incidence. Cases were 782 patients with brain tumors diagnosed from 1994 to 1998 at three United States hospitals. Controls were 799 patients(More)