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BACKGROUND We have previously shown that endothelial function is impaired not only in diabetes but also in subjects at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. We hypothesized that changes in the expression or activity of the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE), and poly(ADP-ribose)(More)
Glitazones are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma agonists with powerful insulin-sensitizing properties. They promote the development of metabolically active adipocytes that can lead to a substantial gain in fat mass. Telmisartan is an ANG II type 1 receptor antagonist with partial PPAR-gamma agonistic properties. Recently, telmisartan(More)
BACKGROUND Fat redistribution, increased inflammation and insulin resistance are prevalent in non-diabetic subjects treated with maintenance dialysis. The aim of this study was to test whether pioglitazone, a powerful insulin sensitizer, alters body fat distribution and adipokine secretion in these subjects and whether it is associated with improved insulin(More)
Connexin43 (Cx43), the predominant gap junction protein in vessels and heart, is involved in the control of cell-to-cell communication and is thought to modulate the contractility of the vascular wall and the electrical coupling of cardiac myocytes. We have investigated the effects of arterial hypertension induced by inhibition of nitric oxide synthase on(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the response to NO-mediated vasodilators in vivo and in vitro during chronic NO synthase inhibition. METHODS NG-Nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME, 0.4 g/l) or vehicle was administered in the drinking water for 6 weeks to male Wistar rats weighing 220-240 g. The effect of acetylcholine and sodium(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether insulin resistance and hypercholesterolaemia in obese Zucker rats are associated with a modification of the mechanical behaviour of a conductance (carotid) artery and with an altered endothelium-dependent response to acetylcholine of a small resistance (mesenteric) artery. DESIGN Male obese Zucker rats, 6-8 months old, were(More)
This study was designed to assess the role of renin and of the sympathoadrenal system in the maintenance of the hypertension induced by chronic nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibition in rats kept on a normal (RS) or a low-sodium (LS) diet. With the administration of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) in drinking water (0.4 milligrams) for 6 wk, mean(More)
AIM To assess whether blockade of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), a recognized strategy to prevent the progression of diabetic nephropathy, affects renal tissue oxygenation in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS Prospective randomized 2-way cross over study; T2DM patients with (micro)albuminuria and/or hypertension underwent blood(More)
Diabetes (particularly type 2 diabetes) represents a global health problem of epidemic proportions. Individuals with diabetes are not only more likely to develop hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity, but are also at a significantly higher risk for coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and stroke. Angiotensin II plays a key(More)
The elastic properties of carotid arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive controls (Wistar-Kyoto rats [WKY]) were examined in vivo, in situ, and in vitro. The changes of internal diameter were measured with a high-resolution A-mode echo-tracking device simultaneously with the intra-arterial pressure at the carotid. The internal(More)