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Continuous deformation and entry flow of single blood granulocytes into small caliber micropipets at various suction pressures have been studied to determine an apparent viscosity for the cell contents and to estimate the extent that dissipation in a cortical layer adjacent to the cell surface contributes to the total viscous flow resistance. Experiments(More)
Many nonadherent cells exist as spheres in suspension and when sucked into pipets, deform continuously like liquids within the fixed surface area limitation of a plasma membrane envelope. After release, these cells eventually recover their spherical form. Consequently, pipet aspiration test provides a useful method to assay the apparent viscosity of such(More)
Experiments are performed in which a passive human neutrophil is deformed into an elongated "sausage" shape by aspirating it into a small glass pipette. When expelled from the pipette the neutrophil recovers its natural spherical shape in approximately 1 minute. This recovery process is analyzed according to a Newtonian, liquid-drop model in which a(More)
Legal disputes, such as the Blackberry case, suggest that patent rights may become vital to the economic survival of even the most successful innovations. Although it is obvious that inventors do not choose to patent all their innovations, what or why they patent is poorly understood. This paper introduces a new data set of more than 7,000 American and(More)
The wide use of bound enzyme coils with hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in automated analysis for serum-glucose assay [1, 2-] demonstrates the potential of open tubular heterogeneous enzyme reactors [3] in clinical analysis. Such reactors have also been prepared with other enzymes I-4, 5] and in this paper the authors describe a(More)
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