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Autism is characterized as one of the pervasive developmental disorders, a spectrum of often severe behavioral and cognitive disturbances of early development. The high heritability of autism has driven multiple efforts to identify genetic variation that increases autism susceptibility. Numerous studies have suggested that variation in peripheral and(More)
Engagement of the plasma membrane receptor Fas can induce apoptosis of leukemic cells. Signaling through Fas requires the formation of a death-inducing signaling complex (DISC) that involves the cytoplasmic domain of Fas, the adaptor molecule FADD/MORT-1, and procaspase-8. The present study investigated whether another caspase, known as procaspase-2L,(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a new cytokine that was proposed to specifically induce apoptosis of cancer cells. In tumor cells that are resistant to the cytokine, subtoxic concentrations of chemotherapeutic drugs can restore the response to TRAIL. The present study further explores the mechanisms that determine tumor(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a new cytokine that was proposed to specifically induce apoptosis of cancer cells. In tumor cells that are resistant to the cytokine, subtoxic concentrations of chemotherapeutic drugs can restore the response to TRAIL. The present study further explores the mechanisms that determine tumor(More)
Etoposide (VP-16) is an anticancer agent that induces apoptosis in human leukemic cell lines such as U937 and HL60. We performed RNase protection assays, with two distinct cRNA panels covering most of caspase and BCL-2-related genes, using total RNA from cell lines exposed to various concentrations of the drug. Our results show that VP-16 down-regulates(More)
Caspases have been shown to play important roles in apoptotic cell death, cytokine maturation and cell differentiation. However, the transcriptional regulation of the corresponding CASP genes remains poorly known. We describe a 5.1 kb fragment located upstream of the first translated exon in the human CASP-2 gene, which is known to encode caspase-2L and -2S(More)
Overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in cancer cells reduces intracellular accumulation of various anticancer drugs including anthracyclines and vinca alkaloids. This multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype can be reversed in vitro by a number of non-cytotoxic drugs. We have identified the quinine's isomer cinchonine as a potent MDR reversing agent, both in(More)
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