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The 16S rRNA gene sequences of 34 named and unnamed clostridial strains were determined by PCR direct sequencing and were compared with more than 80 previously determined clostridial sequences and the previously published sequences of representative species of other low- G + C-content gram-positive genera, thereby providing an almost complete picture of the(More)
An improved lithium acetate (LiAc)/single-stranded DNA (SS-DNA)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) protocol which yields > 1 x 10(6) transformants/micrograms plasmid DNA and the original protocol described by Schiestl and Gietz (1989) were used to investigate aspects of the mechanism of LiAc/SS-DNA/PEG transformation. The highest transformation efficiency was(More)
There is a need for easy, practical, reliable and robust techniques for the identification and classification of bacterial isolates to the species level as alternatives to 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization. Here, we demonstrate that multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) of housekeeping genes is a valuable alternative technique. An MLSA(More)
The use of multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) for the taxonomy of Bradyrhizobium was assessed. We compared partial sequences for atpD, recA, gyrB, rpoB and dnaK for a set of reference strains representing named species and genospecies, and a number of new isolates from Lupinus albus, Arachis hypogaea and Ornithopus compressus from Spain. The phylogenies of(More)
A polyphasic taxonomic study that included DNA-DNA hybridizations, DNA base ratio determinations, 16S rDNA sequence analyses, whole-cell protein and fatty acid analyses and an extensive biochemical characterization was performed on 16 strains isolated from the environment, animals and human clinical samples. The isolates belonged to the genus Burkholderia,(More)
We characterized 34 endophytic bacterial isolates associated to root nodules collected from spontaneous legumes in the arid zone of Tunisia by 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism, whole cell protein sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), 16S rDNA and 16S-23S rDNA internal(More)
Highly diverse Bradyrhizobium strains nodulate genistoid legumes (brooms) in the Canary Islands, Morocco, Spain and the Americas. Phylogenetic analyses of ITS, atpD, glnII and recA sequences revealed that these isolates represent at least four distinct evolutionary lineages within the genus, namely Bradyrhizobium japonicum and three unnamed genospecies.(More)
We report on the isolation and the characterization of nitrogen-fixing root nodule bacteria isolated from natural legumes in a region of South Tunisia corresponding to the infra-arid climatic zone. A collection of 60 new bacterial root nodule isolates were obtained from 19 legume species belonging to the genera Acacia, Anthyllis, Argyrolobium, Astragalus,(More)
Pseudomonas facilis and Pseudomonas delafieldii are inappropriately assigned to the genus Pseudomonas. They belong to the acidovorans rRNA complex in rRNA superfamily III (i.e., the beta subclass of the Proteobacteria). The taxonomic relationships of both of these species, two groups of clinical isolates (E. Falsen [EF] group 13 and EF group 16), and(More)
AIMS This study aimed at isolating thermophilic bacteria that utilize cheap carbon substrates for the economically feasible production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), poly(3HB), at elevated temperatures. METHODS AND RESULTS Thermophilic bacteria were enriched from an aerobic organic waste treatment plant in Germany, and from hot springs in Egypt. Using the(More)