Anne Walburger

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While in most rod-shaped bacteria, morphology is based on MreB-like proteins that form an actin-like cytoskeletal scaffold for cell wall biosynthesis, the factors that determine the more flexible rod-like shape in actinobacteria such as Mycobacterium species are unknown. Here we show that a Mycobacterium smegmatis protein homologous to eubacterial(More)
Pathogenic mycobacteria resist lysosomal delivery after uptake into macrophages, allowing them to survive intracellularly. We found that the eukaryotic-like serine/threonine protein kinase G from pathogenic mycobacteria was secreted within macrophage phagosomes, inhibiting phagosome-lysosome fusion and mediating intracellular survival of mycobacteria.(More)
The outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria acts as a barrier against harmful lipophilic compounds and larger molecules unable to diffuse freely through the porins. However, outer membrane proteins together with the Tol-Pal and TonB systems have been exploited for the entry of macromolecules such as bacteriocins and phage DNA through the Escherichia coli(More)
Clinical studies show that in the absence of anti-retroviral therapy an immune response against the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), transacting transcriptional activator (Tat) protein correlates with long term non-progression. The purpose of this study is to try to understand what can trigger an effective immune response against Tat. We used(More)
The Tol/Pal system of Escherichia coli is composed of the YbgC, TolQ, TolA, TolR, TolB, Pal and YbgF proteins. It is involved in maintaining the integrity of the outer membrane, and is required for the uptake of group A colicins and DNA of filamentous bacteriophages. To identify new interactions between the components of the Tol/Pal system and gain insight(More)
l-Cysteine desulfurases provide sulfur to several metabolic pathways in the form of persulfides on specific cysteine residues of an acceptor protein for the eventual incorporation of sulfur into an end product. IscS is one of the three Escherichia coli l-cysteine desulfurases. It interacts with FdhD, a protein essential for the activity of formate(More)
The pathogenicity of mycobacterial infections depends on virulence factors that mediate survival inside host macrophages. These virulence factors are generally believed to be specific for pathogenic species and absent or mutated in non-pathogenic strains. The serine/threonine protein kinase G (PknG) mediates survival of mycobacteria within macrophages by(More)
The aim of this review is to describe an in vivo assay of the interactions taking place in the Tol-Pal or TonB-ExbB-ExbD envelope complexes in the periplasm of Escherichia coli and between them and colicins or g3p protein of filamentous bacteriophages. Domains of colicins or periplasmic soluble domains of Tol or TonB proteins can be artificially addressed(More)
The survival of pathogenic mycobacteria in macrophages requires the eukaryotic enzyme-like serine/threonine protein kinase G. This kinase with unknown specificity is secreted into the cytosol of infected macrophages and inhibits phagosome-lysosome fusion. The pknG gene is the terminal gene in a putative operon containing glnH, encoding a protein potentially(More)
The molybdenum cofactor (Moco) containing enzymes aldehyde oxidase and xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH) require for activity a sulfuration step that inserts a terminal sulfur ligand into Moco. XdhC was shown to be essential for the production of active XDH in Rhodobacter capsulatus but is itself not a subunit of the purified enzyme. XdhC binds stoichiometric(More)