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Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may be associated with differences in DNA repair capacity, thereby influencing the individual susceptibility to smoking-related cancer. We investigated the association of 10 base-excision and nucleotide-excision repair gene polymorphisms (XRCC1 -77 T/C, Arg194Trp, Arg280His and Arg399Gln; APE1 Asp148Glu; OGG1 Ser326Cys; XPA(More)
Micronucleus (MN) expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes is well established as a standard method for monitoring chromosome damage in human populations. The first results of an analysis of pooled data from laboratories using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay and participating in the HUMN (HUman MicroNucleus project) international(More)
A cytogenetic study was performed in lymphocytes of hospital workers occupationally exposed to X- and gamma-rays using the micronucleus centromere assay. A comparison of the data for the exposed group and an age-matched group of non-exposed hospital workers showed a significant (P < 0.05) increase in centromere-positive micronuclei for the radiation(More)
PURPOSE The chromosomal radiosensitivity of a selected group of familial breast cancer patients carrying a mutation in BRCA1 (n=11) or BRCA2 (n=9) and a group of healthy mutation carriers (n=12) was investigated and compared to a reference group of breast cancer patients without a BRCA1/2 mutation (n=78) and a group of healthy women carrying no mutation(More)
Polymorphisms in double strand break repair genes could be involved in genetic breast cancer predisposition as enhanced chromosomal radiosensitivity is a hallmark for breast cancer. Previously, the c.-1310 C>G SNP, located in the Ku70 promoter, showed a significant odds ratio (OR) of 1.85 (P = 0.048) in sporadic, but not familial breast cancer patients,(More)
A large scale cytogenetic study of the radiation damage in nuclear power plant workers and medical workers handling X-ray machines (269 individuals) was undertaken using the micronucleus assay for peripheral blood lymphocytes. The micronucleus frequency was found to increase systematically with donor age. After correction for the age-dependence, no(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the association between dose-related parameters and polymorphisms in DNA DSB repair genes XRCC3 (c.-1843A>G, c.562-14A>G, c.722C>T), Rad51 (c.-3429G>C, c.-3392G>T), Lig4 (c.26C>T, c.1704T>C), Ku70 (c.-1310C>G), and Ku80 (c.2110-2408G>A) and the occurrence of acute reactions after radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study(More)
Annexin V binding to phosphatidylserine was evaluated by flow cytometry to examine apoptosis in different lymphocyte subsets of peripheral blood mononuclear cells after a 24 h in vitro culture period. We also applied a 2 Gy dose gamma-irradiation prior to incubation to evaluate the additional apoptogenic effect of radiation on the lymphocyte subsets.(More)
As enhanced chromosomal radiosensitivity (CRS) results from non- or misrepaired double strand breaks (DSBs) and is a hallmark for breast cancer and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DSB repair genes, such as non homologous end-joining (NHEJ) genes, could be involved in CRS and genetic predisposition to breast cancer. In this study, we investigated(More)
Enhanced in vitro chromosomal radiosensitivity (CRS) has been proposed as a marker for low-penetrance gene mutations predisposing to breast cancer (BC). Since the double strand break (DSB) is the most detrimental form of DNA damage induced by ionizing radiation, it is possible that mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in DSB repair affect breast(More)