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OBJECTIVE Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. Severe vitamin D deficiency has been shown to predict cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the association among severe vitamin D deficiency, coronary calcium score (CCS), and(More)
This study aims to measure the serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3) in 302 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), studying the association to disease activity. Three hundred two RA patients underwent clinical examination and serological analysis. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass(More)
BACKGROUND Methylmalonic acid (MMA) is a biochemical marker for cobalamin deficiency, particularly in cases where the cobalamin concentration is moderately decreased or in the low-normal range. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) with electrospray ionization is a rapid, robust method that has been used in MMA analysis. We developed a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate vitamin D as a predictor of all-cause mortality, progression from normoalbuminuria to micro- or macroalbuminuria, and the development of background or proliferative retinopathy in patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A prospective observational follow-up study in which an inception cohort of type 1 diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE Many patients with Crohn's disease (CD) complain of abdominal discomfort after alcohol intake. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ethanol and sugar content in five different alcoholic drinks on abdominal discomfort in patients with CD. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a crossover study, two weeks apart, 12 healthy individuals(More)
In the present study, keratinocytes were coincubated with human neutrophils to determine whether or not an increase in leukotriene B4 formation can occur. Human keratinocytes used were cultured in serum-free, low-calcium medium, whereas neutrophils were purified from heparinized venous blood. After coincubations, formation of leukotriene B4 was determined(More)
UVB radiation increases serum vitamin D level expressed as 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(3) (25(OH)D), but the influence of skin pigmentation, baseline 25(OH)D level, and total cholesterol has not been well characterized. To determine the importance of skin pigmentation, baseline 25(OH)D level, and total cholesterol on 25(OH)D production after UVB exposure, 182(More)
OBJECTIVE The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory conditions that affect the gastrointestinal tract. In regulation of this inflammatory process, Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has a major role. Overproduction of IL-6 by immunocompetent cells contributes to development of the inflammatory(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate vitamin D as a predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and risk of progression to micro- or macroalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a longitudinal observational follow-up study, 289 type 2 diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria (n = 172), microalbuminuria (n = 73), and(More)
BACKGROUND S-adenosylmethionine is a methyl donor in many cellular reactions including detoxification of constantly produced hydrogen sulphide in the colon. A reduced capacity to detoxify hydrogen sulphide may be implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. S-adenosylmethionine could be low if this assumption is correct. We compared(More)