Anne Vannier

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Despite intensive investigation the mechanism by which HIV-1 reaches the host cell nucleus is unknown. TNPO3, a karyopherin mediating nuclear entry of SR-proteins, was shown to be required for HIV-1 infectivity. Some investigators have reported that TNPO3 promotes HIV-1 nuclear import, as would be expected for a karyopherin. Yet, an equal number of(More)
Trisomy 21 is the most frequent genetic cause of cognitive impairment. To assess the perturbations of gene expression in trisomy 21, and to eliminate the noise of genomic variability, we studied the transcriptome of fetal fibroblasts from a pair of monozygotic twins discordant for trisomy 21. Here we show that the differential expression between the twins(More)
Alternative splicing affecting the p53 carboxy-terminus has previously been described in mouse but not in normal human cells. We report here the detection in normal human lymphocytes of an alternatively spliced form of human p53 mRNA containing an additional 133 bp exon derived from intron 9. This splice variant encodes a truncated protein of 341(More)
Some neonates with Down syndrome (DS) are diagnosed with self-regressing transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD), and 20% to 30% of those progress to acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL). We performed exome sequencing in 7 TMD/AMKL cases and copy-number analysis in these and 10 additional cases. All TMD/AMKL samples contained GATA1 mutations. No(More)
OBJECTIVE The genetic variation underlying facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), 1 of the most common hereditary neuromuscular disorders, is complex, and associated with the contraction of a repeat array (D4Z4) at the subtelomeric end of chromosome 4q. Nonpathogenic variants of 4q and the presence of a homologous array on chromosome 10q make FSHD(More)
The biochemical abnormalities of I-cell disease (mucolipidosis II) and pseudo-Hurler polydystrophy (mucolipidosis III) can be explained by a deficiency of the enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. We demonstrate here that obligate heterozygotes for these autosomal recessive diseases have intermediate(More)
Rare, atypical, and undiagnosed autosomal-recessive disorders frequently occur in the offspring of consanguineous couples. Current routine diagnostic genetic tests fail to establish a diagnosis in many cases. We employed exome sequencing to identify the underlying molecular defects in patients with unresolved but putatively autosomal-recessive disorders in(More)
Cultured fibroblasts from a 46,XY male with an atypical form of mucolipidosis II (I-cell disease) had two distinct phenotypes. One population of these fibroblasts had the morphological and biochemical features characteristic of I-cell disease, while the remaining cells were indistinguishable from normal fibroblasts. Direct evidence that the patient was a(More)
DNA methylation is essential in mammalian development. We have hypothesized that methylation differences induced by trisomy 21 (T21) contribute to the phenotypic characteristics and heterogeneity in Down syndrome (DS). In order to determine the methylation differences in T21 without interference of the interindividual genomic variation, we have used fetal(More)
The Hedgehog (Hh) family of secreted proteins act as morphogens to control embryonic patterning and development in a variety of organ systems. Post-translational covalent attachment of cholesterol and palmitate to Hh proteins are critical for multimerization and long range signaling potency. However, the biological impact of lipid modifications on Hh ligand(More)