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BACKGROUND INFORMATION The European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is able to osmoregulate over a wide range of environmental salinities from FW (freshwater) to hyperconcentrated SW (seawater). Successful acclimation is associated with strict regulation of ion and water transport pathways within key osmoregulatory epithelia to enable animals to survive the(More)
Complementary DNAs encoding homologs of the mammalian aquaglyceroporins (termed AQPe) and aquaporin-1 isoforms (termed AQP1) were isolated from the European eel. The AQP amino acid sequences share 35-54% identity with other known human AQPs. Although AQPe mRNA expression was approximately equivalent along the entire length of the gut, AQP1 expression was(More)
The aquaporin isoform, AQP3 has now been identified in a number of different teleost fish species, with additional DNA sequence information on AQP3 genes in further fish species available in genome databases. In zebrafish (Danio rerio), the AQP3 gene is present as two duplicate isoforms resulting from a teleostean fish genome-wide duplication. A further(More)
A Foxl2 ortholog has been identified in a lophotrochozoa, the pacific oyster, which is a successive irregular hermaphrodite mollusc. Its cDNA has been called Cg-Foxl2 (Crassostrea gigas Foxl2) and the deduced protein sequence is 367aa long. This sequence contains the conserved domain Forkhead box and its gene is devoid of intron at least in the first 926 bp(More)
Sex determination is poorly known in mollusks, lophotrochozoa and most hermaphrodites. In the oyster Crassostrea gigas, an irregular successive hermaphrodite, sex determination may occur at the end of a gametogenetic cycle to prepare the next cycle. To investigate further into these aspects we have focused on orthologs of SoxE and β-catenin, key players of(More)
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is a successive not systematic protandric hermaphrodite. Searching for an ortholog to Dmrt1, a conserved sex determinism factor, we have identified the first complete cDNA of a DM factor in Lophotrochozoa which we have called Cg-DMl (Crassostrea gigas DMRT-like). It is 359aa long, with the DM domain common to all the(More)
Long-term cortisol infusion into freshwater (FW)-adapted eels induced a significant increase in aquaporin-1 (AQP1) mRNA expression within the esophageal epithelium of migratory "silver" eels, but not in nonmigratory, immature "yellow" eels. Cortisol treatment had no significant effect on the mRNA abundance of a second aquaporin-1 isoform, termed AQP1dup,(More)
The structure of the epithelia of the branchial chamber organs (gills, branchiostegites, epipodites) and the localization of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase were investigated in two caridean shrimps, the epibenthic Palaemon adspersus and the deep-sea hydrothermal Rimicaris exoculata. The general organization of the phyllobranchiate gills, branchiostegites and(More)
The effects of L-canavanine and cadmium on the ribonucleoprotein constituents of HeLa S3 cells have been analyzed. Both chemicals induce a similar pattern of alterations in different RNP structures as well as in both RNA and protein synthesis. Pulse and chase autoradiographic experiments reveal that both canavanine and cadmium induce a preferential(More)
In the lesser-spotted dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula), spermatogenesis takes place within spermatocysts made up of Sertoli cells associated with stage-synchronized germ cells. As shown in testicular cross sections, cysts radiate in maturational order from the germinative area, where they are formed, to the opposite margin of the testis, where spermiation(More)