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OBJECTIVE Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. Severe vitamin D deficiency has been shown to predict cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated the association among severe vitamin D deficiency, coronary calcium score (CCS), and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate vitamin D as a predictor of all-cause mortality, progression from normoalbuminuria to micro- or macroalbuminuria, and the development of background or proliferative retinopathy in patients with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A prospective observational follow-up study in which an inception cohort of type 1 diabetic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate vitamin D as a predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and risk of progression to micro- or macroalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a longitudinal observational follow-up study, 289 type 2 diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria (n = 172), microalbuminuria (n = 73), and(More)
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