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The actin-rich cortex plays a major role in neutrophil chemotaxis and phagocytosis. In passive neutrophils, 30–50% of the actin molecules are in the F (filamentous) form, and it is the shifting of equilibrium with its monomeric G (globular) form that controls cell motility and phagocytosis. Cytochalasins have been shown to inhibit cell phagocytosis and(More)
Cutaneous drug eruptions are one of the most common types of adverse reaction to drug therapy, with an overall incidence rate of 2–3% in hospitalised patients.1–3 Almost any medicine can induce skin reactions, and certain drug classes, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics and antiepileptics, have drug eruption rates(More)
The role of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of viral and self RNA, in promoting autoimmune diabetes remains unclear. Our goal was to determine the effect of TLR7 stimulation on the priming and activation of diabetogenic CD8+ T cells. We explored the effects of CL097 (TLR7/8 agonist) and immunoregulatory sequence 661 (IRS661, TLR7 inhibitor) on bone(More)
Increased exposure to enteric microbes as a result of intestinal barrier disruption is thought to contribute to the development of several intestinal inflammatory diseases; however, it less clear whether such exposure modulates the development of extra-intestinal inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The goal of this study was to examine the potential role(More)
BACKGROUND Challenges commonly encountered in HTA of orphan medicinal products (OMPs) were identified in Advance-HTA. Since then, new initiatives have been developed to specifically address issues related to HTA of OMPs. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS This study aimed to understand why these new HTA initiatives in England, Scotland and at European-level were(More)
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