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Carbon-11 choline has recently been introduced as a potential tracer for tumour imaging with positron emission tomography (PET). We evaluated the kinetics of the uptake of [(11)C]choline in prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia. We also evaluated the association between the uptake of [(11)C]choline and the histological grade of malignancy,(More)
[methyl-11C]Choline (11C-choline) is a radioligand potentially useful for oncological positron emission tomography (PET). As a first step towards the development of a kinetic model for quantification of 11C-choline uptake, blood metabolism of 11C-choline during PET imaging was studied in humans. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and thin-layer(More)
OBJECTIVE Brain acetylcholinesterase activity was determined in healthy controls and in patients with mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer's disease. METHODS A specific acetylcholinesterase tracer, [methyl-(11)C]N-methyl-piperidyl-4-acetate ([(11)C]MP4A), and a three dimensional PET system with magnetic resonance coregistration were used for(More)
PURPOSE A novel [(68)Ga]-labeled DOTA-4-amino-1-carboxymethyl-piperidine-D-Phe-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Sta-Leu-NH2 peptide (BAY86-7548) having high affinity to bombesin receptor subtype II to detect primary and metastatic prostate carcinoma using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) was synthesized and evaluated for prostate cancer. (More)
[(11)C]PE2I is a novel positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer for the dopamine transporter (DAT). The reproducibility and reliability of [(11)C]PE2I measurements, especially in the small DAT-rich brain regions, is unknown and of critical importance to the interpretation of the data. Five healthy volunteers were scanned twice during the same day(More)
The positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer 11C-(R)-PK11195 allows the in vivo imaging in humans of the translocator protein 18 kDa (TSPO), previously called peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR), a marker of inflammation. Despite its widespread use, the radiation burden associated with 11C-(R)-PK11195 in humans is not known. To examine this, we(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether parvovirus B19 (B19) persists in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect parvovirus B19 genome in the synovial fluid cells or peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 61 patients with early RA; bone marrow from one patient was also studied. The synovium or synovial fluid cells(More)
Fluorine-18 fluoroerythronitroimidazole ([18F]FETNIM) is a nitroimidazole compound that is potentially useful as a hypoxia marker in positron emission tomography (PET) studies of oncological patients. Our aim was to develop a simple protocol to quantitate uptake of [18F]FETNIM in hypoxic tumours. Dynamic imaging data from ten patients with head and neck(More)
Donepezil and rivastigmine are acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors used to improve cholinergic neurotransmission and cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study examined direct effects of these drugs on AChE activity in the frontal, temporal, and parietal cortices in AD. Six AD patients were scanned with positron emission tomography before(More)
[18F]FDG has been used as an inflammation marker and shown to accumulate in inflammatory atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of this study was to investigate the uptake and location of [18F]FDG in atherosclerotic plaque compartments. The biodistribution of intravenously administered [18F]FDG was analysed in atherosclerotic LDLR/ApoB48 mice (n=11) and control(More)