Learn More
Human rhinovirus (HRV) accounts for a significant portion of common-cold illness, with the peak incidence being in the early fall. Three hundred forty-six adults who had self-diagnosed colds of 48 h or less were enrolled in a study during September and October 1994 to determine the frequency and clinical course of HRV infections. Nasal wash specimens for(More)
Acute sinusitis is often a mild, self-limiting disease. However, in some cases, especially among children, sinusitis may become a severe, even life-threatening, disease. To examine the nature of complications of acute sinusitis, we studied the cases of children treated at the Helsinki University ENT Hospital, because of a complication caused by acute(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate the presence of different viruses in middle ear fluids and nasopharyngeal aspirates in young children with acute otitis media. Two cohorts of children (N = 329 and 611) were followed from 2 to 24 months of age in Finland in two prospective studies (Finnish Otitis Media Cohort Study and Finnish Otitis Media Vaccine(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess repeatability and agreement of the House-Brackmann (H-B FGS) and the Sunnybrook (SFGS) Facial Grading Systems. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Eight video-recorded facial palsy patients were graded in 2 sittings by 28 doctors. Repeatability and agreement for SFGS were measured by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of(More)
BACKGROUND New antimicrobials or adjunctive treatments have not substantially reduced mortality from acute childhood bacterial meningitis. Paracetamol seems to have beneficial effects in bacteraemic adults and some experts recommend initial slow β-lactam infusion. We investigated whether these treatments had benefits in children with bacterial meningitis.(More)
We report a morality rate of 33% among 403 children with bacterial meningitis in Angola. A fatal outcome was associated with impaired consciousness, severe dyspnea, and seizures, and severe neurological sequelae (found in 25% of our patients) was associated with delayed presentation to the hospital, impaired consciousness, and seizures. Being underweight(More)
Of 20 adults with acute community-acquired sinusitis (ACAS), rhinovirus was detected in specimens from 10 (50%) patients, including maxillary aspirates from 8 (40%) patients and nasal swabs from 9 (45%) patients, by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Human coronavirus was detected by RT-PCR in nasal swabs from 3 of 20 patients but in no sinus secretions.(More)
Systemic immune responses after OK-432 (Picibanil) sclerotherapy in patients with head and neck lymphatic malformations (LM) were examined to achieve a better understanding of the mechanism of OK-432 sclerotherapy and to evaluate the long-term treatment outcome. Serum samples from 17 consecutive patients with head and neck LMs were collected during a total(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Peripheral AVM is a locally aggressive disease with a high tendency to recur; its treatment is complex, especially in the anatomically delicate head and neck area. Here, we report results of ethanol sclerotherapy for head and neck AVM and discuss its potential use for peripheral AVM. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively assessed(More)
OBJECTIVE Magnetic resonance imaging of the head may reveal incidental findings in paranasal sinuses. The purpose of this study was to discover whether similar changes could be identified in the mastoid cavity and middle ear as well. METHODS A group of 50 children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging of the head for suspected intracranial pathology were(More)