Anne Pauline Schroeder

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The study comprised 83 patients, mean (+/-SD) age 47 +/- 8 years, with essential hypertension. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure at inclusion were 171 +/- 16 and 110 +/- 7 mm Hg, respectively. Two small resistance arteries were dissected from a subcutaneous gluteal biopsy and mounted in an isometric small vessel myograph for measurement of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Structural abnormality of resistance arteries is a characteristic pathophysiological phenomenon in essential hypertension and can be assessed in vitro as an increase in the media: lumen ratio (M: L) of isolated small arteries. We have investigated whether M: L is a risk predictor in uncomplicated essential hypertensive patients. Recently, high M:(More)
Biplane long-axis cine MRI was performed in 51 patients 1, 13, 26, and 52 weeks after their first AMI. LV mass index (LVMI) was significantly increased 1 week after AMI (84.3 +/- 16.9 vs. 68.1 +/- 11.4 g/m(2) controls, n = 48, p < 0.001), presumably owing to edema of the infarcted myocardium. Six months after AMI, LVMI decreased to 76.5 +/- 16.4 g/m(2), but(More)
OBJECTIVE Structural changes of small resistance arteries occur early in the disease process of essential hypertension and predict cardiovascular events in previously untreated patients. We investigated whether on-treatment small artery structure also identifies patients at elevated risk despite normalization of blood pressure (BP). METHODS We conducted a(More)
This article aims to describe early left ventricular diastolic inflow using magnetic resonance velocity mapping in patients with recent acute myocardial infarction and in normal volunteers. Magnetic resonance velocity mapping was performed in a long axis plane through the hearts of 46 patients with recent, first time acute myocardial infarction and 43(More)
BACKGROUND Renal denervation (RDN), treating resistant hypertension, has, in open trial design, been shown to lower blood pressure (BP) dramatically, but this was primarily with respect to office BP. METHOD We conducted a SHAM-controlled, double-blind, randomized, single-center trial to establish efficacy data based on 24-h ambulatory BP measurements(More)
The clinical presentation and prognosis of coronary atherosclerosis depend more on plaque type than on plaque size. Stable plaques may narrow the arterial lumen and cause stable angina pectoris but are, otherwise, relatively harmless. In contrast, vulnerable plaques may rupture and thrombose, which is a potentially life-threatening event, being responsible(More)
The effects of two antihypertensive regimens (isradipine and hydrochlorothiazide-amiloride) on the ratio between media thickness and lumen diameter of subcutaneous arteries and on left ventricular mass in essential hypertension were compared. Fifty patients, aged 46.3+/-8 (mean+/-SD) years, with newly diagnosed or poorly controlled essential hypertension(More)
UNLABELLED Left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic heart dysfunction have been reported in essential hypertension and in patients with chronic renal failure, treated with haemodialysis, but a close association with blood pressure (BP) level has not been uniformly documented. Thus, other factors could be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac(More)
Atherosclerotic plaque disruption with superimposed thrombosis is the main cause of acute coronary events. At present it is not known specifically how various risk factors influence the development and configuration of coronary plaques. The risk of plaque disruption depends more on plaque composition and vulnerability (plaque type) than on the degree of(More)