Anne Nordrehaug Astrom

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BACKGROUND studies on the relationship between children's malocclusion and its psycho-social impacts are so far largely unexplored in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malocclusion, reported dental problems and dissatisfaction with dental appearance among primary school children in Tanzania. The relationship of(More)
BACKGROUND Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious problem that has remained unexplored in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to identify possible socio-behavioral correlates of ECC focusing 6-36 months old children and their caretakers. METHODS Cross sectional studies were conducted in a high fluoride rural area, Manyara, Tanzania and a low fluoride(More)
BACKGROUND Generic and condition-specific (CS) oral-health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) instruments assess the impacts of general oral conditions and specific oral diseases. Focusing schoolchildren from Arusha and Dar es Salaam, in Tanzania, this study compared the discriminative ability of the generic Child OIDP with respect to dental caries and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of studies considering social disparity in oral health emanating from adolescents in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess socio-demographic disparities in clinical- and self reported oral health status and a number of oral health behaviors. The extent to which oral health related behaviors might account for(More)
OBJECTIVES Focusing on a Swedish 1942 birth cohort, this study describes the trend of dental health care utilization between age 50 and 65 and identifies major determinants of dental visiting habits using Andersen's model as adapted for dentistry as a theoretical framework. METHOD In 1992, a census of 50 year olds in two counties of Sweden was invited to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the various major sources of Oral Health Education (OHE) for primary school teachers in Rungwe District, Mbeya Region, Tanzania. DESIGN Cross-sectional study using a self-administered close-ended questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING 232 rural and urban in-service primary school teachers and 195 final-year-teacher trainees at(More)
INTRODUCTION The prevalence of use of snus (low-nitrosamine smokeless tobacco, Swedish type) has reached epidemic proportions in parts of Northern Europe, and the trend is escalating. Knowledge of variables influencing use of snus is scarce, and this study set out to explore expectancies related to the use of snus as possible determinants of intentions to(More)
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